Important notes

This section provides information about security and corruption issues.

Pre-1.1.11 potential index corruption / data loss issue

A bug was discovered in our hashtable code, see issue #4829. The code is used for the client-side chunks cache and the server-side repo index.

Although borg uses the hashtables very heavily, the index corruption did not happen too frequently, because it needed specific conditions to happen.

Data loss required even more specific conditions, so it should be rare (and also detectable via borg check).

You might be affected if borg crashed with / complained about:

  • AssertionError: Corrupted segment reference count - corrupted index or hints
  • ObjectNotFound: Object with key … not found in repository …
  • Index mismatch for key b’…’. (…, …) != (-1, -1)
  • ValueError: stats_against: key contained in self but not in master_index.

Advised procedure to fix any related issue in your indexes/caches:

  • install fixed borg code (on client AND server)

  • for all of your clients and repos remove the cache by:

    borg delete –cache-only YOURREPO

    (later, the cache will be re-built automatically)

  • for all your repos, rebuild the repo index by:

    borg check –repair YOURREPO

    This will also check all archives and detect if there is any data-loss issue.

Affected branches / releases:

  • fd06497 introduced the bug into 1.1-maint branch - it affects all borg 1.1.x since 1.1.0b4.
  • fd06497 introduced the bug into master branch - it affects all borg 1.2.0 alpha releases.
  • c5cd882 introduced the bug into 1.0-maint branch - it affects all borg 1.0.x since 1.0.11rc1.

The bug was fixed by:

  • 701159a fixes the bug in 1.1-maint branch - will be released with borg 1.1.11.
  • fa63150 fixes the bug in master branch - will be released with borg 1.2.0a8.
  • 7bb90b6 fixes the bug in 1.0-maint branch. Branch is EOL, no new release is planned as of now.

Pre-1.1.4 potential data corruption issue

A data corruption bug was discovered in borg check –repair, see issue #3444.

This is a 1.1.x regression, releases < 1.1 (e.g. 1.0.x) are not affected.

To avoid data loss, you must not run borg check –repair using an unfixed version of borg 1.1.x. The first official release that has the fix is 1.1.4.

Package maintainers may have applied the fix to updated packages of 1.1.x (x<4) though, see the package maintainer’s package changelog to make sure.

If you never had missing item metadata chunks, the bug has not affected you even if you did run borg check –repair with an unfixed version.

When borg check –repair tried to repair corrupt archives that miss item metadata chunks, the resync to valid metadata in still present item metadata chunks malfunctioned. This was due to a broken validator that considered all (even valid) item metadata as invalid. As they were considered invalid, borg discarded them. Practically, that means the affected files, directories or other fs objects were discarded from the archive.

Due to the malfunction, the process was extremely slow, but if you let it complete, borg would have created a “repaired” archive that has lost a lot of items. If you interrupted borg check –repair because it was so strangely slow (killing borg somehow, e.g. Ctrl-C) the transaction was rolled back and no corruption occurred.

The log message indicating the precondition for the bug triggering looks like:

item metadata chunk missing [chunk: 001056_bdee87d…a3e50d]

If you never had that in your borg check –repair runs, you’re not affected.

But if you’re unsure or you actually have seen that, better check your archives. By just using “borg list repo::archive” you can see if all expected filesystem items are listed.

Pre-1.0.9 manifest spoofing vulnerability (CVE-2016-10099)

A flaw in the cryptographic authentication scheme in Borg allowed an attacker to spoof the manifest. The attack requires an attacker to be able to

  1. insert files (with no additional headers) into backups
  2. gain write access to the repository

This vulnerability does not disclose plaintext to the attacker, nor does it affect the authenticity of existing archives.

The vulnerability allows an attacker to create a spoofed manifest (the list of archives). Creating plausible fake archives may be feasible for small archives, but is unlikely for large archives.

The fix adds a separate authentication tag to the manifest. For compatibility with prior versions this authentication tag is not required by default for existing repositories. Repositories created with 1.0.9 and later require it.

Steps you should take:

  1. Upgrade all clients to 1.0.9 or later.
  2. Run borg upgrade --tam <repository> on every client for each repository.
  3. This will list all archives, including archive IDs, for easy comparison with your logs.
  4. Done.

Prior versions can access and modify repositories with this measure enabled, however, to 1.0.9 or later their modifications are indiscernible from an attack and will raise an error until the below procedure is followed. We are aware that this can be be annoying in some circumstances, but don’t see a way to fix the vulnerability otherwise.

In case a version prior to 1.0.9 is used to modify a repository where above procedure was completed, and now you get an error message from other clients:

  1. borg upgrade --tam --force <repository> once with any client suffices.

This attack is mitigated by:

  • Noting/logging borg list, borg info, or borg create --stats, which contain the archive IDs.

We are not aware of others having discovered, disclosed or exploited this vulnerability.

Vulnerability time line:

  • 2016-11-14: Vulnerability and fix discovered during review of cryptography by Marian Beermann (@enkore)
  • 2016-11-20: First patch
  • 2016-12-20: Released fixed version 1.0.9
  • 2017-01-02: CVE was assigned
  • 2017-01-15: Released fixed version 1.1.0b3 (fix was previously only available from source)

Pre-1.0.9 potential data loss

If you have archives in your repository that were made with attic <= 0.13 (and later migrated to borg), running borg check would report errors in these archives. See issue #1837.

The reason for this is a invalid (and useless) metadata key that was always added due to a bug in these old attic versions.

If you run borg check –repair, things escalate quickly: all archive items with invalid metadata will be killed. Due to that attic bug, that means all items in all archives made with these old attic versions.

Pre-1.0.4 potential repo corruption

Some external errors (like network or disk I/O errors) could lead to corruption of the backup repository due to issue #1138.

A sign that this happened is if “E” status was reported for a file that can not be explained by problems with the source file. If you still have logs from “borg create -v –list”, you can check for “E” status.

Here is what could cause corruption and what you can do now:

  1. I/O errors (e.g. repo disk errors) while writing data to repo.

This could lead to corrupted segment files.


# check for corrupt chunks / segments:
borg check -v --repository-only REPO

# repair the repo:
borg check -v --repository-only --repair REPO

# make sure everything is fixed:
borg check -v --repository-only REPO
  1. Unreliable network / unreliable connection to the repo.

This could lead to archive metadata corruption.


# check for corrupt archives:
borg check -v --archives-only REPO

# delete the corrupt archives:
borg delete --force REPO::CORRUPT_ARCHIVE

# make sure everything is fixed:
borg check -v --archives-only REPO
  1. In case you want to do more intensive checking.

The best check that everything is ok is to run a dry-run extraction:

borg extract -v --dry-run REPO::ARCHIVE


Version 1.1.15 (2020-12-25)

Compatibility notes:

  • When upgrading from borg 1.0.x to 1.1.x, please note:
    • read all the compatibility notes for 1.1.0*, starting from 1.1.0b1.
    • borg upgrade: you do not need to and you also should not run it.
    • borg might ask some security-related questions once after upgrading. You can answer them either manually or via environment variable. One known case is if you use unencrypted repositories, then it will ask about a unknown unencrypted repository one time.
    • your first backup with 1.1.x might be significantly slower (it might completely read, chunk, hash a lot files) - this is due to the –files-cache mode change (and happens every time you change mode). You can avoid the one-time slowdown by using the pre-1.1.0rc4-compatible mode (but that is less safe for detecting changed files than the default). See the –files-cache docs for details.
  • 1.1.11 removes WSL autodetection (Windows 10 Subsystem for Linux). If WSL still has a problem with sync_file_range, you need to set BORG_WORKAROUNDS=basesyncfile in the borg process environment to work around the WSL issue.
  • 1.1.14 changes return codes due to a bug fix: In case you have scripts expecting rc == 2 for a signal exit, you need to update them to check for >= 128 (as documented since long).
  • 1.1.15 drops python 3.4 support, minimum requirement is 3.5 now.


  • extract:
    • improve exception handling when setting xattrs, #5092.
    • emit a warning message giving the path, xattr key and error message.
    • continue trying to restore other xattrs and bsdflags of the same file after an exception with xattr-setting happened.
  • export-tar:
    • set tar format to GNU_FORMAT explicitly, #5274
    • fix memory leak with ssh: remote repository, #5568
    • fix potential memory leak with ssh: remote repository with partial extraction
  • create: fix –dry-run and –stats coexistence, #5415
  • use –timestamp for {utcnow} and {now} if given, #5189

New features:

  • create: implement –stdin-mode, –stdin-user and –stdin-group, #5333
  • allow appending the files cache filename with BORG_FILES_CACHE_SUFFIX env var

Other changes:

  • drop python 3.4 support, minimum requirement is 3.5 now.
  • enable using libxxhash instead of bundled xxh64 code
  • update llfuse requirements (1.3.8)
  • set cython language_level in some files to fix warnings
  • allow EIO with warning when trying to hardlink
  • PropDict: fail early if internal_dict is not a dict
  • update shell completions
  • tests / CI
    • add a test for the hashindex corruption bug, #5531 #4829
    • fix spurious failure in test_cache_files, #5438
    • added a github ci workflow
    • reduce testing on travis, no macOS, no py3x-dev, #5467
    • travis: use newer dists, native py on dist
  • vagrant:
    • remove jessie and trusty boxes, #5348 #5383
    • pyinstaller 4.0, build on py379
    • binary build on stretch64, #5348
    • remove easy_install based pip installation
  • docs:
    • clarify ‘–one-file-system’ for btrfs, #5391
    • add example for excluding content using the –pattern cmd line arg
    • complement the documentation for pattern files and exclude files, #5524
    • made ansible playbook more generic, use package instead of pacman. also change state from “latest” to “present”.
    • complete documentation on append-only remote repos, #5497
    • internals: rather talk about target size than statistics, #5336
    • new compression algorithm policy, #1633 #5505
    • faq: add a hint on sleeping computer, #5301
    • note requirements for full disk access on macOS Catalina, #5303
    • fix/improve description of borg upgrade hardlink usage, #5518
  • modernize 1.1 code:
    • drop code/workarounds only needed to support Python 3.4
    • remove workaround for pre-release py37 argparse bug
    • removed some outdated comments/docstrings
    • requirements: remove some restrictions, lock on current versions

Version 1.1.14 (2020-10-07)


  • check –repair: fix potential data loss when interrupting it, #5325
  • exit with 128 + signal number (as documented) when borg is killed by a signal, #5161
  • fix hardlinked CACHEDIR.TAG processing, #4911
  • create –read-special: .part files also should be regular files, #5217
  • llfuse dependency: choose least broken 1.3.6/1.3.7. 1.3.6 is broken on python 3.9, 1.3.7 is broken on FreeBSD.

Other changes:

  • upgrade bundled xxhash to 0.7.4
  • self test: if it fails, also point to OS and hardware, #5334
  • pyinstaller: compute basepath from spec file location
  • prettier error message when archive gets too big, #5307
  • check/recreate are not “experimental” any more (but still potentially dangerous):
    • recreate: remove extra confirmation
    • rephrase some warnings, update docs, #5164
  • shell completions:
    • misc. updates / fixes
    • support repositories in fish tab completion, #5256
    • rewrite zsh completion:
      • completion for almost all optional and positional arguments
      • completion for Borg environment variables (parameters)
  • use “allow/deny list” instead of “white/black list” wording
  • declare “allow_cache_wipe” marker in setup.cfg to avoid pytest warning
  • vagrant / tests:
    • misc. fixes / updates
    • use python 3.5.10 for binary build
    • build directory-based binaries additionally to the single file binaries
    • add libffi-dev, required to build python
    • use cryptography<3.0, more recent versions break the jessie box
    • test on python 3.9
    • do brew update with /dev/null redirect to avoid “too much log output” on travis-ci
  • docs:
    • add ssh-agent pull backup method docs, #5288
    • how to approach borg speed issues, #5371
    • mention double –force in prune docs
    • update Homebrew install instructions, #5185
    • better description of how cache and rebuilds of it work
    • point to borg create –list item flags in recreate usage, #5165
    • add security faq explaining AES-CTR crypto issues, #5254
    • add a note to create from stdin regarding files cache, #5180
    • fix borg.1 manpage generation regression, #5211
    • clarify how exclude options work in recreate, #5193
    • add section for retired contributors
    • hint about not misusing private email addresses of contributors for borg support

Version 1.1.13 (2020-06-06)


  • rebuilt using a current Cython version, compatible with python 3.8, #5214

Version 1.1.12 (2020-06-06)


  • fix preload-related memory leak, #5202.
  • mount / borgfs (FUSE filesystem):
    • fix FUSE low linear read speed on large files, #5067
    • fix crash on old llfuse without birthtime attrs, #5064 - accidentally we required llfuse >= 1.3. Now also old llfuse works again.
    • set f_namemax in statfs result, #2684
  • update precedence of env vars to set config and cache paths, #4894
  • correctly calculate compression ratio, taking header size into account, too

New features:

  • –bypass-lock option to bypass locking with read-only repositories

Other changes:

  • upgrade bundled zstd to 1.4.5
  • travis: adding comments and explanations to Travis config / install script, improve macOS builds.
  • tests: test_delete_force: avoid sporadic test setup issues, #5196
  • misc. vagrant fixes
  • the binary for macOS is now built on macOS 10.12
  • the binaries for Linux are now built on Debian 8 “Jessie”, #3761
  • docs:
    • PlaceholderError not printed as JSON, #4073
    • “How important is Borg config?”, #4941
    • make Sphinx warnings break docs build, #4587
    • some markup / warning fixes
    • add “updating” to release checklist, #4999
    • add “rendering docs” to release checklist, #5000
    • clarify borg init’s encryption modes
    • add note about patterns and stored paths, #4160
    • add upgrade of tools to pip installation how-to
    • document one cause of orphaned chunks in check command, #2295
    • linked recommended restrictions to ssh public keys on borg servers in faq, #4946

Version 1.1.11 (2020-03-08)


  • fixed potential index corruption / data loss issue due to bug in hashindex_set, #4829. Please read and follow the more detailled notes close to the top of this document.
  • upgrade bundled xxhash to 0.7.3, #4891. 0.7.2 is the minimum requirement for correct operations on ARMv6 in non-fixup mode, where unaligned memory accesses cause bus errors. 0.7.3 adds some speedups and libxxhash 0.7.3 even has a pkg-config file now.
  • upgrade bundled lz4 to 1.9.2
  • upgrade bundled zstd to 1.4.4
  • fix crash when upgrading erroneous hints file, #4922
  • extract:
    • fix KeyError for “partial” extraction, #4607
    • fix “partial” extract for hardlinked contentless file types, #4725
    • fix preloading for old (0.xx) remote servers, #4652
    • fix confusing output of borg extract –list –strip-components, #4934
  • delete: after double-force delete, warn about necessary repair, #4704
  • create: give invalid repo error msg if repo config not found, #4411
  • mount: fix FUSE mount missing st_birthtime, #4763 #4767
  • check: do not stumble over invalid item key, #4845
  • info: if the archive doesn’t exist, print a pretty message, #4793
  • SecurityManager.known(): check all files, #4614
  • use stat() to check for repo dir, #4695
  • Repository.check_can_create_repository: use stat() to check, #4695
  • fix invalid archive error message
  • fix optional/non-optional location arg, #4541
  • commit-time free space calc: ignore bad compact map entries, #4796
  • ignore EACCES (errno 13) when hardlinking the old config, #4730
  • –prefix / -P: fix processing, avoid argparse issue, #4769

New features:

  • enable placeholder usage in all extra archive arguments
  • new BORG_WORKAROUNDS mechanism, basesyncfile, #4710
  • recreate: support –timestamp option, #4745
  • support platforms without (e.g. Android with Termux), #4901. if we don’t have, we just extract another copy instead of making a hardlink.
  • support linux platforms without sync_file_range (e.g. Android 7 with Termux), #4905


  • ignore –stats when given with –dry-run, but continue, #4373
  • add some ProgressIndicator msgids to code / fix docs, #4935
  • elaborate on “Calculating size” message
  • argparser: always use REPOSITORY in metavar, also use more consistent help phrasing.
  • check: improve error output for matching index size, see #4829
  • docs:
    • changelog: add advisory about hashindex_set bug #4829
    • better describe BORG_SECURITY_DIR, BORG_CACHE_DIR, #4919
    • infos about cache security assumptions, #4900
    • add FAQ describing difference between a local repo vs. repo on a server.
    • document how to test exclusion patterns without performing an actual backup
    • timestamps in the files cache are now usually ctime, #4583
    • fix bad reference to borg compact (does not exist in 1.1), #4660
    • create: borg 1.1 is not future any more
    • extract: document limitation “needs empty destination”, #4598
    • how to supply a passphrase, use crypto devices, #4549
    • fix osxfuse github link in installation docs
    • add example of exclude-norecurse rule in help patterns
    • update macOS Brew link
    • add note about software for automating backups, #4581
    • AUTHORS: mention copyright+license for bundled msgpack
    • fix various code blocks in the docs, #4708
    • updated docs to cover use of temp directory on remote, #4545
    • add restore docs, #4670
    • add a pull backup / push restore how-to, #1552
    • add FAQ how to retain original paths, #4532
    • explain difference between –exclude and –pattern, #4118
    • add FAQs for SSH connection issues, #3866
    • improve password FAQ, #4591
    • reiterate that ‘file cache names are absolute’ in FAQ
  • tests:
    • cope with ANY error when importing pytest into borg.testsuite, #4652
    • fix broken test that relied on improper zlib assumptions
    • test_fuse: filter out selinux xattrs, #4574
  • travis / vagrant:
    • misc python versions removed / changed (due to openssl 1.1 compatibility) or added (3.7 and 3.8, for better borg compatibility testing)
    • binary building is on python 3.5.9 now
  • vagrant:
    • add new boxes: ubuntu 18.04 and 20.04, debian 10
    • update boxes: openindiana, darwin, netbsd
    • remove old boxes: centos 6
    • darwin: updated osxfuse to 3.10.4
    • use debian/ubuntu pip/virtualenv packages
    • rather use python 3.6.2 than 3.6.0, fixes coverage/sqlite3 issue
    • use requirements.d/development.lock.txt to avoid compat issues
  • travis:
    • darwin: backport some install code / order from master
    • remove deprecated keyword “sudo” from travis config
    • allow osx builds to fail, #4955 this is due to travis-ci frequently being so slow that the OS X builds just fail because they exceed 50 minutes and get killed by travis.

Version 1.1.10 (2019-05-16)


  • extract: hang on partial extraction with ssh: repo, when hardlink master is not matched/extracted and borg hangs on related slave hardlink, #4350
  • lrucache: regularly remove old FDs, #4427
  • avoid stale filehandle issues, #3265
  • freebsd: make xattr platform code api compatible with linux, #3952
  • use whitelist approach for borg serve, #4097
  • borg command shall terminate with rc 2 for ImportErrors, #4424
  • create: only run stat_simple_attrs() once, this increases backup with lots of unchanged files performance by ~ 5%.
  • prune: fix incorrect borg prune –stats output with –dry-run, #4373
  • key export: emit user-friendly error if repo key is exported to a directory, #4348

New features:

  • bundle latest supported msgpack-python release (0.5.6), remove msgpack-python from install_requires - by default we use the bundled code now. optionally, we still support using an external msgpack (see hints in, but this requires solid requirements management within distributions and is not recommended. borgbackup will break if you upgrade msgpack to an unsupported version.
  • display msgpack version as part of sysinfo (e.g. in tracebacks)
  • timestamp for borg delete –info added, #4359
  • enable placeholder usage in –comment and –glob-archives, #4559, #4495


  • serve: do not check python/libc for borg serve, #4483
  • shell completions: borg diff second archive
  • release scripts: signing binaries with Qubes OS support
  • testing:
    • vagrant: upgrade openbsd box to 6.4
    • travis-ci: lock test env to py 3.4 compatible versions, #4343
    • get rid of confusing coverage warning, #2069
    • rename test_mount_hardlinks to test_fuse_mount_hardlinks, so both can be excluded by “not test_fuse”.
    • pure-py msgpack warning shall not make a lot of tests fail, #4558
  • docs:
    • add “SSH Configuration” section to “borg serve”, #3988, #636, #4485
    • README: new URL for funding options
    • add a sample logging.conf in docs/misc, #4380
    • elaborate on append-only mode docs, #3504
    • installation: added Alpine Linux to distribution list, #4415
    • usage.html: only modify window.location when redirecting, #4133
    • add msgpack license to docs/3rd_party/msgpack
  • vagrant / binary builds:
    • use python 3.5.7 for builds
    • use osxfuse 3.8.3

Version 1.1.9 (2019-02-10)


  • security fix: configure FUSE with “default_permissions”, #3903 “default_permissions” is now enforced by borg by default to let the kernel check uid/gid/mode based permissions. “ignore_permissions” can be given to not enforce “default_permissions”.
  • make “hostname” short, even on misconfigured systems, #4262
  • fix free space calculation on macOS (and others?), #4289
  • config: quit with error message when no key is provided, #4223
  • recover_segment: handle too small segment files correctly, #4272
  • correctly release memoryview, #4243
  • avoid diaper pattern in configparser by opening files, #4263
  • add “# cython: language_level=3” directive to .pyx files, #4214
  • info: consider part files for “This archive” stats, #3522
  • work around Microsoft WSL issue #645 (sync_file_range), #1961

New features:

  • add –rsh command line option to complement BORG_RSH env var, #1701
  • init: –make-parent-dirs parent1/parent2/repo_dir, #4235


  • add archive name to check –repair output, #3447
  • check for unsupported msgpack versions
  • shell completions:
    • new shell completions for borg 1.1.9
    • more complete shell completions for borg mount -o
    • added shell completions for borg help
    • option arguments for zsh tab completion
  • docs:
    • add FAQ regarding free disk space check, #3905
    • update BORG_PASSCOMMAND example and clarify variable expansion, #4249
    • FAQ regarding change of compression settings, #4222
    • add note about BSD flags to changelog, #4246
    • improve logging in example automation script
    • add note about files changing during backup, #4081
    • work around the backslash issue, #4280
    • update release workflow using twine (docs, scripts), #4213
    • add warnings on repository copies to avoid future problems, #4272
  • tests:
    • fix the homebrew 1.9 issues on travis-ci, #4254
    • fix duplicate test method name, #4311
    • test_mount_hardlinks: get rid of fakeroot-caused test fails, #3389

Version 1.1.8 (2018-12-09)


  • enforce storage quota if set by serve-command, #4093
  • invalid locations: give err msg containing parsed location, #4179
  • list repo: add placeholders for hostname and username, #4130
  • on linux, symlinks can’t have ACLs, so don’t try to set any, #4044

New features:

  • create: added PATH::archive output on INFO log level
  • read a passphrase from a file descriptor specified in the BORG_PASSPHRASE_FD environment variable.


  • docs:

    • option –format is required for some expensive-to-compute values for json

      borg list by default does not compute expensive values except when they are needed. whether they are needed is determined by the format, in standard mode as well as in –json mode.

    • tell that our binaries are x86/x64 amd/intel, bauerj has ARM

    • fixed wrong archive name pattern in CRUD benchmark help

    • fixed link to cachedir spec in docs, #4140

  • tests:

    • stop using fakeroot on travis, avoids sporadic EISDIR errors, #2482
    • xattr key names must start with “user.” on linux
    • fix code so flake8 3.6 does not complain
    • explicitly convert environment variable to str, #4136
    • fix DeprecationWarning: Flags not at the start of the expression, #4137
    • support pytest4, #4172
  • vagrant:

    • use python 3.5.6 for builds

Version 1.1.7 (2018-08-11)

Compatibility notes:

  • added support for Python 3.7


  • cache lock: use lock_wait everywhere to fix infinite wait, see #3968
  • don’t archive tagged dir when recursing an excluded dir, #3991
  • py37 argparse: work around bad default in py 3.7.0a/b/rc, #3996
  • py37 remove loggerDict.clear() from tearDown method, #3805
  • some fixes for bugs which likely did not result in problems in practice:
    • fixed logic bug in platform module API version check
    • fixed xattr/acl function prototypes, added missing ones

New features:

  • init: add warning to store both key and passphrase at safe place(s)
  • BORG_HOST_ID env var to work around all-zero MAC address issue, #3985
  • borg debug dump-repo-objs –ghost (dump everything from segment files, including deleted or superceded objects or commit tags)
  • borg debug search-repo-objs (search in repo objects for hex bytes or strings)

Other changes:

  • add Python 3.7 support
  • updated shell completions
  • call socket.gethostname only once
  • locking: better logging, add some asserts
  • borg debug dump-repo-objs:
    • filename layout improvements
    • use repository.scan() to get on-disk order
  • docs:
    • update installation instructions for macOS
    • added instructions to install fuse via homebrew
    • improve diff docs
    • added note that checkpoints inside files requires 1.1+
    • add link to tempfile module
    • remove row/column-spanning from docs source, #4000 #3990
  • tests:
    • fetch less data via os.urandom
    • add py37 env for tox
    • travis: add 3.7, remove 3.6-dev (we test with -dev in master)
  • vagrant / binary builds:
    • use osxfuse 3.8.2
    • use own (uptodate) openindiana box

Version 1.1.6 (2018-06-11)

Compatibility notes:

  • 1.1.6 changes:
    • also allow msgpack-python 0.5.6.


  • fix borg exception handling on ENOSPC error with xattrs, #3808
  • prune: fix/improve overall progress display
  • borg config repo … does not need cache/manifest/key, #3802
  • debug dump-repo-objs should not depend on a manifest obj
  • pypi package:
    • include .coveragerc, needed by tox.ini
    • fix package long description, #3854

New features:

  • mount: add uid, gid, umask mount options
  • delete:
    • only commit once, #3823
    • implement –dry-run, #3822
  • check:
    • show progress while rebuilding missing manifest, #3787
    • more –repair output
  • borg config –list <repo>, #3612

Other changes:

  • update msgpack requirement, #3753
  • update bundled zstd to 1.3.4, #3745
  • update bundled lz4 code to 1.8.2, #3870
  • docs:
    • describe what BORG_LIBZSTD_PREFIX does
    • fix and deduplicate encryption quickstart docs, #3776
  • vagrant:
    • FUSE for macOS: upgrade 3.7.1 to 3.8.0
    • exclude macOS High Sierra upgrade on the darwin64 machine
    • remove borgbackup.egg-info dir in fs_init (after rsync)
    • use pyenv-based build/test on jessie32/62
    • use local 32 and 64bit debian jessie boxes
    • use “vagrant” as username for new xenial box
  • travis OS X: use xcode 8.3 (not broken)

Version 1.1.5 (2018-04-01)

Compatibility notes:

  • 1.1.5 changes:
    • require msgpack-python >= 0.4.6 and < 0.5.0. 0.5.0+ dropped python 3.4 testing and also caused some other issues because the python package was renamed to msgpack and emitted some FutureWarning.


  • create –list: fix that it was never showing M status, #3492
  • create: fix timing for first checkpoint (read files cache early, init checkpoint timer after that), see #3394
  • extract: set rc=1 when extracting damaged files with all-zero replacement chunks or with size inconsistencies, #3448
  • diff: consider an empty file as different to a non-existing file, #3688
  • files cache: improve exception handling, #3553
  • ignore exceptions in scandir_inorder() caused by an implicit stat(), also remove unneeded sort, #3545
  • fixed tab completion problem where a space is always added after path even when it shouldn’t
  • build: do .h file content checks in binary mode, fixes build issue for non-ascii header files on pure-ascii locale platforms, #3544 #3639
  • borgfs: fix patterns/paths processing, #3551
  • config: add some validation, #3566
  • repository config: add validation for max_segment_size, #3592
  • set cache previous_location on load instead of save
  • remove platform.uname() call which caused library mismatch issues, #3732
  • add exception handler around deprecated platform.linux_distribution() call
  • use same datetime object for {now} and {utcnow}, #3548

New features:

  • create: implement –stdin-name, #3533
  • add chunker_params to borg archive info (–json)
  • BORG_SHOW_SYSINFO=no to hide system information from exceptions

Other changes:

  • updated zsh completions for borg 1.1.4
  • files cache related code cleanups
  • be more helpful when parsing invalid –pattern values, #3575
  • be more clear in secure-erase warning message, #3591
  • improve getpass user experience, #3689
  • docs build: unicode problem fixed when using a py27-based sphinx
  • docs:
    • security: explicitly note what happens OUTSIDE the attack model
    • security: add note about combining compression and encryption
    • security: describe chunk size / proximity issue, #3687
    • quickstart: add note about permissions, borg@localhost, #3452
    • quickstart: add introduction to repositories & archives, #3620
    • recreate –recompress: add missing metavar, clarify description, #3617
    • improve logging docs, #3549
    • add an example for –pattern usage, #3661
    • clarify path semantics when matching, #3598
    • link to offline documentation from README, #3502
    • add docs on how to verify a signed release with GPG, #3634
    • chunk seed is generated per repository (not: archive)
    • better formatting of CPU usage documentation, #3554
    • extend append-only repo rollback docs, #3579
  • tests:
    • fix erroneously skipped zstd compressor tests, #3606
    • skip a test if argparse is broken, #3705
  • vagrant:
    • xenial64 box now uses username ‘vagrant’, #3707
    • move cleanup steps to fs_init, #3706
    • the boxcutter wheezy boxes are 404, use local ones
    • update to Python 3.5.5 (for binary builds)

Version 1.1.4 (2017-12-31)

Compatibility notes:

  • When upgrading from borg 1.0.x to 1.1.x, please note:
    • read all the compatibility notes for 1.1.0*, starting from 1.1.0b1.
    • borg upgrade: you do not need to and you also should not run it.
    • borg might ask some security-related questions once after upgrading. You can answer them either manually or via environment variable. One known case is if you use unencrypted repositories, then it will ask about a unknown unencrypted repository one time.
    • your first backup with 1.1.x might be significantly slower (it might completely read, chunk, hash a lot files) - this is due to the –files-cache mode change (and happens every time you change mode). You can avoid the one-time slowdown by using the pre-1.1.0rc4-compatible mode (but that is less safe for detecting changed files than the default). See the –files-cache docs for details.
  • borg 1.1.4 changes:
    • zstd compression is new in borg 1.1.4, older borg can’t handle it.
    • new minimum requirements for the compression libraries - if the required versions (header and lib) can’t be found at build time, bundled code will be used:
      • added requirement: libzstd >= 1.3.0 (bundled: 1.3.2)
      • updated requirement: liblz4 >= 1.7.0 / r129 (bundled: 1.8.0)


  • check: data corruption fix: fix for borg check –repair malfunction, #3444. See the more detailled notes close to the top of this document.
  • delete: also delete security dir when deleting a repo, #3427
  • prune: fix building the “borg prune” man page, #3398
  • init: use given –storage-quota for local repo, #3470
  • init: properly quote repo path in output
  • fix startup delay with dns-only own fqdn resolving, #3471

New features:

  • added zstd compression. try it!
  • added placeholder {reverse-fqdn} for fqdn in reverse notation
  • added BORG_BASE_DIR environment variable, #3338

Other changes:

  • list help topics when invalid topic is requested
  • fix lz4 deprecation warning, requires lz4 >= 1.7.0 (r129)
  • add parens for C preprocessor macro argument usages (did not cause malfunction)
  • exclude broken pytest 3.3.0 release
  • updated fish/bash completions
  • init: more clear exception messages for borg create, #3465
  • docs:
    • add auto-generated docs for borg config
    • don’t generate HTML docs page for borgfs, #3404
    • docs update for lz4 b2 zstd changes
    • add zstd to compression help, readme, docs
    • update requirements and install docs about bundled lz4 and zstd
  • refactored build of the compress and crypto.low_level extensions, #3415:
    • move some lib/build related code to setup_{zstd,lz4,b2}.py
    • bundle lz4 1.8.0 (requirement: >= 1.7.0 / r129)
    • bundle zstd 1.3.2 (requirement: >= 1.3.0)
    • blake2 was already bundled
    • rename BORG_LZ4_PREFIX env var to BORG_LIBLZ4_PREFIX for better consistency: we also have BORG_LIBB2_PREFIX and BORG_LIBZSTD_PREFIX now.
    • add prefer_system_lib* = True settings to - by default the build will prefer a shared library over the bundled code, if library and headers can be found and meet the minimum requirements.

Version 1.1.3 (2017-11-27)


  • Security Fix for CVE-2017-15914: Incorrect implementation of access controls allows remote users to override repository restrictions in Borg servers. A user able to access a remote Borg SSH server is able to circumvent access controls post-authentication. Affected releases: 1.1.0, 1.1.1, 1.1.2. Releases 1.0.x are NOT affected.
  • crc32: deal with unaligned buffer, add tests - this broke borg on older ARM CPUs that can not deal with unaligned 32bit memory accesses and raise a bus error in such cases. the fix might also improve performance on some CPUs as all 32bit memory accesses by the crc32 code are properly aligned now. #3317
  • mount: fixed support of –consider-part-files and do not show .borg_part_N files by default in the mounted FUSE filesystem. #3347
  • fixed cache/repo timestamp inconsistency message, highlight that information is obtained from security dir (deleting the cache will not bypass this error in case the user knows this is a legitimate repo).
  • borgfs: don’t show sub-command in borgfs help, #3287
  • create: show an error when –dry-run and –stats are used together, #3298

New features:

  • mount: added exclusion group options and paths, #2138

    Reused some code to support similar options/paths as borg extract offers - making good use of these to only mount a smaller subset of dirs/files can speed up mounting a lot and also will consume way less memory.

    borg mount [options] repo_or_archive mountpoint path [paths…]

    paths: you can just give some “root paths” (like for borg extract) to only partially populate the FUSE filesystem.

    new options: –exclude[-from], –pattern[s-from], –strip-components

  • create/extract: support st_birthtime on platforms supporting it, #3272

  • add “borg config” command for querying/setting/deleting config values, #3304

Other changes:

  • clean up and simplify packaging (only package committed files, do not install .c/.h/.pyx files)
  • docs:
    • point out tuning options for borg create, #3239
    • add instructions for using ntfsclone, zerofree, #81
    • move image backup-related FAQ entries to a new page
    • clarify key aliases for borg list –format, #3111
    • mention break-lock in checkpointing FAQ entry, #3328
    • document sshfs rename workaround, #3315
    • add FAQ about removing files from existing archives
    • add FAQ about different prune policies
    • usage and man page for borgfs, #3216
    • clarify create –stats duration vs. wall time, #3301
    • clarify encrypted key format for borg key export, #3296
    • update release checklist about security fixes
    • document good and problematic option placements, fix examples, #3356
    • add note about using –nobsdflags to avoid speed penalty related to bsdflags, #3239
    • move most of support section to

Version 1.1.2 (2017-11-05)


  • fix KeyError crash when talking to borg server < 1.0.7, #3244
  • extract: set bsdflags last (include immutable flag), #3263
  • create: don’t do stat() call on excluded-norecurse directory, fix exception handling for stat() call, #3209
  • create –stats: do not count data volume twice when checkpointing, #3224
  • recreate: move chunks_healthy when excluding hardlink master, #3228
  • recreate: get rid of chunks_healthy when rechunking (does not match), #3218
  • check: get rid of already existing not matching chunks_healthy metadata, #3218
  • list: fix stdout broken pipe handling, #3245
  • list/diff: remove tag-file options (not used), #3226

New features:

  • bash, zsh and fish shell auto-completions, see scripts/shell_completions/
  • added BORG_CONFIG_DIR env var, #3083

Other changes:

  • docs:
    • clarify using a blank passphrase in keyfile mode
    • mention “!” (exclude-norecurse) type in “patterns” help
    • document to first heal before running borg recreate to re-chunk stuff, because that will have to get rid of chunks_healthy metadata.
    • more than 23 is not supported for CHUNK_MAX_EXP, #3115
    • borg does not respect nodump flag by default any more
    • clarify same-filesystem requirement for borg upgrade, #2083
    • update / rephrase cygwin / WSL status, #3174
    • improve docs about –stats, #3260
  • vagrant: openindiana new clang package

Already contained in 1.1.1 (last minute fix):

  • arg parsing: fix fallback function, refactor, #3205. This is a fixup for #3155, which was broken on at least python <= 3.4.2.

Version 1.1.1 (2017-10-22)

Compatibility notes:

  • The deprecated –no-files-cache is not a global/common option any more, but only available for borg create (it is not needed for anything else). Use –files-cache=disabled instead of –no-files-cache.
  • The nodump flag (“do not backup this file”) is not honoured any more by default because this functionality (esp. if it happened by error or unexpected) was rather confusing and unexplainable at first to users. If you want that “do not backup NODUMP-flagged files” behaviour, use: borg create –exclude-nodump …
  • If you are on Linux and do not need bsdflags archived, consider using --nobsdflags with borg create to avoid additional syscalls and speed up backup creation.


  • borg recreate: correctly compute part file sizes. fixes cosmetic, but annoying issue as borg check complains about size inconsistencies of part files in affected archives. you can solve that by running borg recreate on these archives, see also #3157.
  • bsdflags support: do not open BLK/CHR/LNK files, avoid crashes and slowness, #3130
  • recreate: don’t crash on attic archives w/o time_end, #3109
  • don’t crash on repository filesystems w/o hardlink support, #3107
  • don’t crash in first part of truncate_and_unlink, #3117
  • fix server-side IndexError crash with clients < 1.0.7, #3192
  • don’t show traceback if only a global option is given, show help, #3142
  • cache: use SaveFile for more safety, #3158
  • init: fix wrong encryption choices in command line parser, fix missing “authenticated-blake2”, #3103
  • move –no-files-cache from common to borg create options, #3146
  • fix detection of non-local path (failed on ..filename), #3108
  • logging with fileConfig: set json attr on “borg” logger, #3114
  • fix crash with relative BORG_KEY_FILE, #3197
  • show excluded dir with “x” for tagged dirs / caches, #3189

New features:

  • create: –nobsdflags and –exclude-nodump options, #3160
  • extract: –nobsdflags option, #3160

Other changes:

  • remove annoying hardlinked symlinks warning, #3175
  • vagrant: use self-made FreeBSD 10.3 box, #3022
  • travis: don’t brew update, hopefully fixes #2532
  • docs:
    • readme: -e option is required in borg 1.1
    • add example showing –show-version –show-rc
    • use –format rather than –list-format (deprecated) in example
    • update docs about hardlinked symlinks limitation

Version 1.1.0 (2017-10-07)

Compatibility notes:

  • borg command line: do not put options in between positional arguments

    This sometimes works (e.g. it worked in borg 1.0.x), but can easily stop working if we make positional arguments optional (like it happened for borg create’s “paths” argument in 1.1). There are also places in borg 1.0 where we do that, so it doesn’t work there in general either. #3356

    Good: borg create -v –stats repo::archive path Good: borg create repo::archive path -v –stats Bad: borg create repo::archive -v –stats path


  • fix LD_LIBRARY_PATH restoration for subprocesses, #3077
  • “auto” compression: make sure expensive compression is actually better, otherwise store lz4 compressed data we already computed.

Other changes:

  • docs:
    • FAQ: we do not implement futile attempts of ETA / progress displays
    • manpage: fix typos, update homepage
    • implement simple “issue” role for manpage generation, #3075

Version 1.1.0rc4 (2017-10-01)

Compatibility notes:

  • A borg server >= 1.1.0rc4 does not support borg clients 1.1.0b3-b5. #3033
  • The files cache is now controlled differently and has a new default mode:
    • the files cache now uses ctime by default for improved file change detection safety. You can still use mtime for more speed and less safety.
    • –ignore-inode is deprecated (use –files-cache=… without “inode”)
    • –no-files-cache is deprecated (use –files-cache=disabled)

New features:

  • –files-cache - implement files cache mode control, #911 You can now control the files cache mode using this option: –files-cache={ctime,mtime,size,inode,rechunk,disabled} (only some combinations are supported). See the docs for details.


  • remote progress/logging: deal with partial lines, #2637
  • remote progress: flush json mode output
  • fix subprocess environments, #3050 (and more)

Other changes:

  • remove client_supports_log_v3 flag, #3033
  • exclude broken Cython 0.27(.0) in requirements, #3066
  • vagrant:
    • upgrade to FUSE for macOS 3.7.1
    • use Python 3.5.4 to build the binaries
  • docs:
    • security: change-passphrase only changes the passphrase, #2990
    • fixed/improved borg create –compression examples, #3034
    • add note about metadata dedup and –no[ac]time, #2518
    • twitter account @borgbackup now, better visible, #2948
    • simplified rate limiting wrapper in FAQ

Version 1.1.0rc3 (2017-09-10)

New features:

  • delete: support naming multiple archives, #2958


  • repo cleanup/write: invalidate cached FDs, #2982
  • fix datetime.isoformat() microseconds issues, #2994
  • recover_segment: use mmap(), lower memory needs, #2987

Other changes:

  • with-lock: close segment file before invoking subprocess
  • keymanager: don’t depend on optional readline module, #2976
  • docs:
    • fix macOS keychain integration command
    • show/link new screencasts in README, #2936
    • document utf-8 locale requirement for json mode, #2273
  • vagrant: clean up shell profile init, user name, #2977
  • test_detect_attic_repo: don’t test mount, #2975
  • add debug logging for repository cleanup

Version 1.1.0rc2 (2017-08-28)

Compatibility notes:

  • list: corrected mix-up of “isomtime” and “mtime” formats. Previously, “isomtime” was the default but produced a verbose human format, while “mtime” produced a ISO-8601-like format. The behaviours have been swapped (so “mtime” is human, “isomtime” is ISO-like), and the default is now “mtime”. “isomtime” is now a real ISO-8601 format (“T” between date and time, not a space).

New features:

  • None.


  • list: fix weird mixup of mtime/isomtime
  • create –timestamp: set start time, #2957
  • ignore corrupt files cache, #2939
  • migrate locks to child PID when daemonize is used
  • fix exitcode of borg serve, #2910
  • only compare contents when chunker params match, #2899
  • umount: try fusermount, then try umount, #2863

Other changes:

  • JSON: use a more standard ISO 8601 datetime format, #2376
  • cache: write_archive_index: truncate_and_unlink on error, #2628
  • detect non-upgraded Attic repositories, #1933
  • delete various nogil and threading related lines
  • coala / pylint related improvements
  • docs:
    • renew asciinema/screencasts, #669
    • create: document exclusion through nodump, #2949
    • minor formatting fixes
    • tar: tarpipe example
    • improve “with-lock” and “info” docs, #2869
    • detail how to use macOS/GNOME/KDE keyrings for repo passwords, #392
  • travis: only short-circuit docs-only changes for pull requests
  • vagrant:
    • netbsd: bash is already installed
    • fix netbsd version in PKG_PATH
    • add exe location to PATH when we build an exe

Version 1.1.0rc1 (2017-07-24)

Compatibility notes:

  • delete: removed short option for –cache-only

New features:

  • support borg list repo –format {comment} {bcomment} {end}, #2081
  • key import: allow reading from stdin, #2760


  • with-lock: avoid creating segment files that might be overwritten later, #1867
  • prune: fix checkpoints processing with –glob-archives
  • FUSE: versions view: keep original file extension at end, #2769
  • fix –last, –first: do not accept values <= 0, fix reversed archive ordering with –last
  • include testsuite data (attic.tar.gz) when installing the package
  • use limited unpacker for outer key, for manifest (both security precautions), #2174 #2175
  • fix bashism in shell scripts, #2820, #2816
  • cleanup endianness detection, create _endian.h, fixes build on alpine linux, #2809
  • fix crash with –no-cache-sync (give known chunk size to chunk_incref), #2853

Other changes:

  • FUSE: versions view: linear numbering by archive time
  • split up interval parsing from filtering for –keep-within, #2610
  • add a basic .editorconfig, #2734
  • use archive creation time as mtime for FUSE mount, #2834
  • upgrade FUSE for macOS (osxfuse) from 3.5.8 to 3.6.3, #2706
  • hashindex: speed up by replacing modulo with “if” to check for wraparound
  • coala checker / pylint: fixed requirements and .coafile, more ignores
  • borg upgrade: name backup directories as ‘before-upgrade’, #2811
  • add .mailmap
  • some minor changes suggested by
  • docs:
    • better explanation of the –ignore-inode option relevance, #2800
    • fix openSUSE command and add openSUSE section
    • simplify ssh authorized_keys file using “restrict”, add legacy note, #2121
    • mount: show usage of archive filters
    • mount: add repository example, #2462
    • info: update and add examples, #2765
    • prune: include example
    • improved style / formatting
    • improved/fixed segments_per_dir docs
    • recreate: fix wrong “remove unwanted files” example
    • reference list of status chars in borg recreate –filter description
    • update source-install docs about doc build dependencies, #2795
    • cleanup installation docs
    • file system requirements, update segs per dir
    • fix checkpoints/parts reference in FAQ, #2859
  • code:
    • hashindex: don’t pass side effect into macro
    • crypto low_level: don’t mutate local bytes()
    • use dash_open function to open file or “-” for stdin/stdout
    • archiver: argparse cleanup / refactoring
    • shellpattern: add match_end arg
  • tests: added some additional unit tests, some fixes, #2700 #2710
  • vagrant: fix setup of cygwin, add Debian 9 “stretch”
  • travis: don’t perform full travis build on docs-only changes, #2531

Version 1.1.0b6 (2017-06-18)

Compatibility notes:

  • Running “borg init” via a “borg serve –append-only” server will not create an append-only repository anymore. Use “borg init –append-only” to initialize an append-only repository.

  • Repositories in the “repokey” and “repokey-blake2” modes with an empty passphrase are now treated as unencrypted repositories for security checks (e.g. BORG_UNKNOWN_UNENCRYPTED_REPO_ACCESS_IS_OK).

    Previously there would be no prompts nor messages if an unknown repository in one of these modes with an empty passphrase was encountered. This would allow an attacker to swap a repository, if one assumed that the lack of password prompts was due to a set BORG_PASSPHRASE.

    Since the “trick” does not work if BORG_PASSPHRASE is set, this does generally not affect scripts.

  • Repositories in the “authenticated” mode are now treated as the unencrypted repositories they are.

  • The client-side temporary repository cache now holds unencrypted data for better speed.

  • borg init: removed the short form of –append-only (-a).

  • borg upgrade: removed the short form of –inplace (-i).

New features:

  • reimplemented the RepositoryCache, size-limited caching of decrypted repo contents, integrity checked via xxh64. #2515
  • reduced space usage of chunks.archive.d. Existing caches are migrated during a cache sync. #235 #2638
  • integrity checking using xxh64 for important files used by borg, #1101:
    • repository: index and hints files
    • cache: chunks and files caches, chunks.archive.d
  • improve cache sync speed, #1729
  • create: new –no-cache-sync option
  • add repository mandatory feature flags infrastructure, #1806
  • Verify most operations against SecurityManager. Location, manifest timestamp and key types are now checked for almost all non-debug commands. #2487
  • implement storage quotas, #2517
  • serve: add –restrict-to-repository, #2589
  • BORG_PASSCOMMAND: use external tool providing the key passphrase, #2573
  • borg export-tar, #2519
  • list: –json-lines instead of –json for archive contents, #2439
  • add –debug-profile option (and also “borg debug convert-profile”), #2473
  • implement –glob-archives/-a, #2448
  • normalize authenticated key modes for better naming consistency:
    • rename “authenticated” to “authenticated-blake2” (uses blake2b)
    • implement “authenticated” mode (uses hmac-sha256)


  • hashindex: read/write indices >2 GiB on 32bit systems, better error reporting, #2496
  • repository URLs: implement IPv6 address support and also more informative error message when parsing fails.
  • mount: check whether llfuse is installed before asking for passphrase, #2540
  • mount: do pre-mount checks before opening repository, #2541
  • FUSE:
    • fix crash if empty (None) xattr is read, #2534
    • fix read(2) caching data in metadata cache
    • fix negative uid/gid crash (fix crash when mounting archives of external drives made on cygwin), #2674
    • redo ItemCache, on top of object cache
    • use decrypted cache
    • remove unnecessary normpaths
  • serve: ignore –append-only when initializing a repository (borg init), #2501
  • serve: fix incorrect type of exception_short for Errors, #2513
  • fix –exclude and –exclude-from recursing into directories, #2469
  • init: don’t allow creating nested repositories, #2563
  • –json: fix encryption[mode] not being the cmdline name
  • remote: propagate Error.traceback correctly
  • fix remote logging and progress, #2241
    • implement –debug-topic for remote servers
    • remote: restore “Remote:” prefix (as used in 1.0.x)
    • rpc negotiate: enable v3 log protocol only for supported clients
    • fix –progress and logging in general for remote
  • fix parse_version, add tests, #2556
  • repository: truncate segments (and also some other files) before unlinking, #2557
  • recreate: keep timestamps as in original archive, #2384
  • recreate: if single archive is not processed, exit 2
  • patterns: don’t recurse with ! / –exclude for pf:, #2509
  • cache sync: fix n^2 behaviour in lookup_name
  • extract: don’t write to disk with –stdout (affected non-regular-file items), #2645
  • hashindex: implement KeyError, more tests

Other changes:

  • remote: show path in PathNotAllowed
  • consider repokey w/o passphrase == unencrypted, #2169
  • consider authenticated mode == unencrypted, #2503
  • restrict key file names, #2560
  • document follow_symlinks requirements, check libc, use stat and chown with follow_symlinks=False, #2507
  • support common options on the main command, #2508
  • support common options on mid-level commands (e.g. borg key export)
  • make –progress a common option
  • increase DEFAULT_SEGMENTS_PER_DIR to 1000
  • chunker: fix invalid use of types (function only used by tests)
  • chunker: don’t do uint32_t >> 32
  • FUSE:
    • add instrumentation (–debug and SIGUSR1/SIGINFO)
    • reduced memory usage for repository mounts by lazily instantiating archives
    • improved archive load times
  • info: use CacheSynchronizer & HashIndex.stats_against (better performance)
  • docs:
    • init: document –encryption as required
    • security: OpenSSL usage
    • security: used implementations; note python libraries
    • security: security track record of OpenSSL and msgpack
    • patterns: document denial of service (regex, wildcards)
    • init: note possible denial of service with “none” mode
    • init: document SHA extension is supported in OpenSSL and thus SHA is faster on AMD Ryzen than blake2b.
    • book: use A4 format, new builder option format.
    • book: create appendices
    • data structures: explain repository compaction
    • data structures: add chunk layout diagram
    • data structures: integrity checking
    • data structures: demingle cache and repo index
    • Attic FAQ: separate section for attic stuff
    • FAQ: I get an IntegrityError or similar - what now?
    • FAQ: Can I use Borg on SMR hard drives?, #2252
    • FAQ: specify “using inline shell scripts”
    • add systemd warning regarding placeholders, #2543
    • xattr: document API
    • add docs/misc/borg-data-flow data flow chart
    • debugging facilities
    • README: how to help the project, #2550
    • README: add bountysource badge, #2558
    • fresh new theme + tweaking
    • logo: vectorized (PDF and SVG) versions
    • frontends: use headlines - you can link to them
    • mark –pattern, –patterns-from as experimental
    • highlight experimental features in online docs
    • remove regex based pattern examples, #2458
    • nanorst for “borg help TOPIC” and –help
    • split deployment
    • deployment: hosting repositories
    • deployment: automated backups to a local hard drive
    • development: vagrant, windows10 requirements
    • development: update docs remarks
    • split usage docs, #2627
    • usage: avoid bash highlight, [options] instead of <options>
    • usage: add benchmark page
    • helpers: truncate_and_unlink doc
    • don’t suggest to leak BORG_PASSPHRASE
    • internals: columnize rather long ToC [webkit fixup] internals: manifest & feature flags
    • internals: more HashIndex details
    • internals: fix ASCII art equations
    • internals: edited obj graph related sections a bit
    • internals: layers image + description
    • fix way too small figures in pdf
    • index: disable syntax highlight (bash)
    • improve options formatting, fix accidental block quotes
  • testing / checking:
    • add support for using coala, #1366
    • testsuite: add ArchiverCorruptionTestCase
    • do not test logger name, #2504
    • call setup_logging after destroying logging config
    • testsuite.archiver: normalise pytest.raises vs. assert_raises
    • add test for preserved intermediate folder permissions, #2477
    • key: add round-trip test
    • remove attic dependency of the tests, #2505
    • enable remote tests on cygwin
    • tests: suppress tar’s future timestamp warning
    • cache sync: add more refcount tests
    • repository: add tests, including corruption tests
  • vagrant:
    • control VM cpus and pytest workers via env vars VMCPUS and XDISTN
    • update cleaning workdir
    • fix openbsd shell
    • add OpenIndiana
  • packaging:
    • binaries: don’t bundle libssl
    • clean to remove compiled files
    • fail in borg package if version metadata is very broken (setuptools_scm)
  • repo / code structure:
    • create borg.algorithms and borg.crypto packages
    • algorithms: rename crc32 to checksums
    • move patterns to module, #2469
    • gitignore: complete paths for src/ excludes
    • cache: extract CacheConfig class
    • implement IntegrityCheckedFile + Detached variant, #2502 #1688
    • introduce popen_with_error_handling to handle common user errors

Version 1.1.0b5 (2017-04-30)

Compatibility notes:

  • BORG_HOSTNAME_IS_UNIQUE is now on by default.
  • removed –compression-from feature
  • recreate: add –recompress flag, unify –always-recompress and –recompress


  • catch exception for when hardlinks are not supported, #2405
  • borg rename / recreate: expand placeholders, #2386
  • generic support for hardlinks (files, devices, FIFOs), #2324
  • extract: also create parent dir for device files, if needed, #2358
  • extract: if a hardlink master is not in the to-be-extracted subset, the “x” status was not displayed for it, #2351
  • embrace y2038 issue to support 32bit platforms: clamp timestamps to int32, #2347
  • verify_data: fix IntegrityError handling for defect chunks, #2442
  • allow excluding parent and including child, #2314

Other changes:

  • refactor compression decision stuff
  • change global compression default to lz4 as well, to be consistent with –compression defaults.
  • placeholders: deny access to internals and other unspecified stuff
  • clearer error message for unrecognized placeholder
  • more clear exception if borg check does not help, #2427
  • vagrant: upgrade FUSE for macOS to 3.5.8, #2346
  • linux binary builds: get rid of glibc 2.13 dependency, #2430
  • docs:
    • placeholders: document escaping
    • serve: env vars in original commands are ignored
    • tell what kind of hardlinks we support
    • more docs about compression
    • LICENSE: use canonical formulation (“copyright holders and contributors” instead of “author”)
    • document borg init behaviour via append-only borg serve, #2440
    • be clear about what buzhash is used for, #2390
    • add hint about chunker params, #2421
    • clarify borg upgrade docs, #2436
    • FAQ to explain warning when running borg check –repair, #2341
    • repository file system requirements, #2080
    • pre-install considerations
    • misc. formatting / crossref fixes
  • tests:
    • enhance travis setuptools_scm situation
    • add extra test for the hashindex
    • fix invalid param issue in benchmarks

These belong to 1.1.0b4 release, but did not make it into changelog by then:

  • vagrant: increase memory for parallel testing
  • lz4 compress: lower max. buffer size, exception handling
  • add docstring to do_benchmark_crud
  • patterns help: mention path full-match in intro

Version 1.1.0b4 (2017-03-27)

Compatibility notes:

  • init: the –encryption argument is mandatory now (there are several choices)
  • moved “borg migrate-to-repokey” to “borg key migrate-to-repokey”.
  • “borg change-passphrase” is deprecated, use “borg key change-passphrase” instead.
  • the –exclude-if-present option now supports tagging a folder with any filesystem object type (file, folder, etc), instead of expecting only files as tags, #1999
  • the –keep-tag-files option has been deprecated in favor of the new –keep-exclude-tags, to account for the change mentioned above.
  • use lz4 compression by default, #2179

New features:

  • JSON API to make developing frontends and automation easier (see All about JSON: How to develop frontends)
    • add JSON output to commands: borg create/list/info –json ….
    • add –log-json option for structured logging output.
    • add JSON progress information, JSON support for confirmations (yes()).
  • add two new options –pattern and –patterns-from as discussed in #1406
  • new path full match pattern style (pf:) for very fast matching, #2334
  • add ‘debug dump-manifest’ and ‘debug dump-archive’ commands
  • add ‘borg benchmark crud’ command, #1788
  • new ‘borg delete –force –force’ to delete severely corrupted archives, #1975
  • info: show utilization of maximum archive size, #1452
  • list: add dsize and dcsize keys, #2164
  • paperkey.html: Add interactive html template for printing key backups.
  • key export: add qr html export mode
  • securely erase config file (which might have old encryption key), #2257
  • archived file items: add size to metadata, ‘borg extract’ and ‘borg check’ do check the file size for consistency, FUSE uses precomputed size from Item.


  • fix remote speed regression introduced in 1.1.0b3, #2185
  • fix regression handling timestamps beyond 2262 (revert bigint removal), introduced in 1.1.0b3, #2321
  • clamp (nano)second values to unproblematic range, #2304
  • hashindex: rebuild hashtable if we have too little empty buckets (performance fix), #2246
  • Location regex: fix bad parsing of wrong syntax
  • ignore posix_fadvise errors in, #2095
  • borg rpc: use limited msgpack.Unpacker (security precaution), #2139
  • Manifest: Make sure manifest timestamp is strictly monotonically increasing.
  • create: handle BackupOSError on a per-path level in one spot
  • create: clarify -x option / meaning of “same filesystem”
  • create: don’t create hard link refs to failed files
  • archive check: detect and fix missing all-zero replacement chunks, #2180
  • files cache: update inode number when –ignore-inode is used, #2226
  • fix decompression exceptions crashing check --verify-data and others instead of reporting integrity error, #2224 #2221
  • extract: warning for unextracted big extended attributes, #2258, #2161
  • mount: umount on SIGINT/^C when in foreground
  • mount: handle invalid hard link refs
  • mount: fix huge RAM consumption when mounting a repository (saves number of archives * 8 MiB), #2308
  • hashindex: detect mingw byte order #2073
  • hashindex: fix wrong skip_hint on hashindex_set when encountering tombstones, the regression was introduced in #1748
  • fix ChunkIndex.__contains__ assertion for big-endian archs
  • fix borg key/debug/benchmark crashing without subcommand, #2240
  • Location: accept //servername/share/path
  • correct/refactor calculation of unique/non-unique chunks
  • extract: fix missing call to ProgressIndicator.finish
  • prune: fix error msg, it is –keep-within, not –within
  • fix “auto” compression mode bug (not compressing), #2331
  • fix symlink item fs size computation, #2344

Other changes:

  • remote repository: improved async exception processing, #2255 #2225
  • with –compression auto,C, only use C if lz4 achieves at least 3% compression
  • PatternMatcher: only normalize path once, #2338
  • hashindex: separate endian-dependent defs from endian detection
  • migrate-to-repokey: ask using canonical_path() as we do everywhere else.
  • SyncFile: fix use of fd object after close
  • make LoggedIO.close_segment reentrant
  • creating a new segment: use “xb” mode, #2099
  • redo key_creator, key_factory, centralise key knowledge, #2272
  • add return code functions, #2199
  • list: only load cache if needed
  • list: files->items, clarifications
  • list: add “name” key for consistency with info cmd
  • ArchiveFormatter: add “start” key for compatibility with “info”
  • RemoteRepository: account rx/tx bytes
  • build_usage/build_man/build_api fixes
  • simplify, exclude .so, .dll and .orig, #2066
  • FUSE: get rid of chunk accounting, st_blocks = ceil(size / blocksize).
  • tests:
    • help python development by testing 3.6-dev
    • test for borg delete –force
  • vagrant:
    • freebsd: some fixes, #2067
    • darwin64: use osxfuse 3.5.4 for tests / to build binaries
    • darwin64: improve VM settings
    • use python 3.5.3 to build binaries, #2078
    • upgrade pyinstaller from 3.1.1+ to 3.2.1
    • pyinstaller: use fixed AND freshly compiled bootloader, #2002
    • pyinstaller: automatically builds bootloader if missing
  • docs:
    • create really nice man pages
    • faq: mention –remote-ratelimit in bandwidth limit question
    • fix caskroom link, #2299
    • docs/security: reiterate that RPC in Borg does no networking
    • docs/security: counter tracking, #2266
    • docs/development: update merge remarks
    • address SSH batch mode in docs, #2202 #2270
    • add warning about running build_usage on Python >3.4, #2123
    • one link per distro in the installation page
    • improve –exclude-if-present and –keep-exclude-tags, #2268
    • improve automated backup script in doc, #2214
    • improve remote-path description
    • update docs for create -C default change (lz4)
    • document relative path usage, #1868
    • document snapshot usage, #2178
    • corrected some stuff in internals+security
    • internals: move toctree to after the introduction text
    • clarify metadata kind, manifest ops
    • key enc: correct / clarify some stuff, link to internals/security
    • datas: enc: 1.1.x mas different MACs
    • datas: enc: correct factual error – no nonce involved there.
    • make internals.rst an index page and edit it a bit
    • add “Cryptography in Borg” and “Remote RPC protocol security” sections
    • document BORG_HOSTNAME_IS_UNIQUE, #2087
    • FAQ by categories as proposed by @anarcat in #1802
    • FAQ: update Which file types, attributes, etc. are not preserved?
    • development: new branching model for git repository
    • development: define “ours” merge strategy for auto-generated files
    • create: move –exclude note to main doc
    • create: move item flags to main doc
    • fix examples using borg init without -e/–encryption
    • list: don’t print key listings in fat (html + man)
    • remove Python API docs (were very incomplete, build problems on RTFD)
    • added FAQ section about backing up root partition

Version 1.0.10 (2017-02-13)

Bug fixes:

  • Manifest timestamps are now monotonically increasing, this fixes issues when the system clock jumps backwards or is set inconsistently across computers accessing the same repository, #2115
  • Fixed testing regression in 1.0.10rc1 that lead to a hard dependency on py.test >= 3.0, #2112

New features:

  • “key export” can now generate a printable HTML page with both a QR code and a human-readable “paperkey” representation (and custom text) through the --qr-html option.

    The same functionality is also available through paperkey.html, which is the same HTML page generated by --qr-html. It works with existing “key export” files and key files.

Other changes:

  • docs:
    • language clarification - “borg create –one-file-system” option does not respect mount points, but considers different file systems instead, #2141
  • build_api: sort file list for determinism

Version 1.1.0b3 (2017-01-15)

Compatibility notes:

  • borg init: removed the default of “–encryption/-e”, #1979 This was done so users do a informed decision about -e mode.

Bug fixes:

  • borg recreate: don’t rechunkify unless explicitly told so
  • borg info: fixed bug when called without arguments, #1914
  • borg init: fix free space check crashing if disk is full, #1821
  • borg debug delete/get obj: fix wrong reference to exception
  • fix processing of remote ~/ and ~user/ paths (regressed since 1.1.0b1), #1759
  • posix platform module: only build / import on non-win32 platforms, #2041

New features:

  • new CRC32 implementations that are much faster than the zlib one used previously, #1970
  • add blake2b key modes (use blake2b as MAC). This links against system libb2, if possible, otherwise uses bundled code
  • automatically remove stale locks - set BORG_HOSTNAME_IS_UNIQUE env var to enable stale lock killing. If set, stale locks in both cache and repository are deleted. #562 #1253
  • borg info <repo>: print general repo information, #1680
  • borg check –first / –last / –sort / –prefix, #1663
  • borg mount –first / –last / –sort / –prefix, #1542
  • implement “health” item formatter key, #1749
  • BORG_SECURITY_DIR to remember security related infos outside the cache. Key type, location and manifest timestamp checks now survive cache deletion. This also means that you can now delete your cache and avoid previous warnings, since Borg can still tell it’s safe.
  • implement BORG_NEW_PASSPHRASE, #1768

Other changes:

  • borg recreate:
    • remove special-cased –dry-run
    • update –help
    • remove bloat: interruption blah, autocommit blah, resuming blah
    • re-use existing checkpoint functionality
    • archiver tests: add check_cache tool - lints refcounts
  • fixed cache sync performance regression from 1.1.0b1 onwards, #1940
  • syncing the cache without chunks.archive.d (see The borg cache eats way too much disk space, what can I do?) now avoids any merges and is thus faster, #1940
  • borg check –verify-data: faster due to linear on-disk-order scan
  • borg debug-xxx commands removed, we use “debug xxx” subcommands now, #1627
  • improve metadata handling speed
  • shortcut hashindex_set by having hashindex_lookup hint about address
  • improve / add progress displays, #1721
  • check for index vs. segment files object count mismatch
  • make RPC protocol more extensible: use named parameters.
  • RemoteRepository: misc. code cleanups / refactors
  • clarify cache/repository README file
  • docs:
    • quickstart: add a comment about other (remote) filesystems
    • quickstart: only give one possible ssh url syntax, all others are documented in usage chapter.
    • mention file://
    • document repo URLs / archive location
    • clarify borg diff help, #980
    • deployment: synthesize alternative –restrict-to-path example
    • improve cache / index docs, esp. files cache docs, #1825
    • document using “git merge 1.0-maint -s recursive -X rename-threshold=20%” for avoiding troubles when merging the 1.0-maint branch into master.
  • tests:
    • FUSE tests: catch ENOTSUP on freebsd
    • FUSE tests: test troublesome xattrs last
    • fix byte range error in test, #1740
    • use monkeypatch to set env vars, but only on pytest based tests.
    • point XDG_*_HOME to temp dirs for tests, #1714
    • remove all BORG_* env vars from the outer environment

Version 1.0.10rc1 (2017-01-29)

Bug fixes:

  • borg serve: fix transmission data loss of pipe writes, #1268 This affects only the cygwin platform (not Linux, BSD, OS X).
  • Avoid triggering an ObjectiveFS bug in xattr retrieval, #1992
  • When running out of buffer memory when reading xattrs, only skip the current file, #1993
  • Fixed “borg upgrade –tam” crashing with unencrypted repositories. Since the issue is not relevant for unencrypted repositories, it now does nothing and prints an error, #1981.
  • Fixed change-passphrase crashing with unencrypted repositories, #1978
  • Fixed “borg check repo::archive” indicating success if “archive” does not exist, #1997
  • borg check: print non-exit-code warning if –last or –prefix aren’t fulfilled
  • fix bad parsing of wrong repo location syntax
  • create: don’t create hard link refs to failed files, mount: handle invalid hard link refs, #2092
  • detect mingw byte order, #2073
  • creating a new segment: use “xb” mode, #2099
  • mount: umount on SIGINT/^C when in foreground, #2082

Other changes:

  • binary: use fixed AND freshly compiled pyinstaller bootloader, #2002
  • xattr: ignore empty names returned by llistxattr(2) et al
  • Enable the fault handler: install handlers for the SIGSEGV, SIGFPE, SIGABRT, SIGBUS and SIGILL signals to dump the Python traceback.
  • Also print a traceback on SIGUSR2.
  • borg change-passphrase: print key location (simplify making a backup of it)
  • officially support Python 3.6 ( add Python 3.6 qualifier)
  • tests:
    • vagrant / travis / tox: add Python 3.6 based testing
    • vagrant: fix openbsd repo, #2042
    • vagrant: fix the freebsd64 machine, #2037 #2067
    • vagrant: use python 3.5.3 to build binaries, #2078
    • vagrant: use osxfuse 3.5.4 for tests / to build binaries vagrant: improve darwin64 VM settings
    • travis: fix osxfuse install (fixes OS X testing on Travis CI)
    • travis: require succeeding OS X tests, #2028
    • travis: use latest pythons for OS X based testing
    • use pytest-xdist to parallelize testing
    • fix xattr test race condition, #2047
    • setup.cfg: fix pytest deprecation warning, #2050
  • docs:
    • language clarification - VM backup FAQ
    • borg create: document how to backup stdin, #2013
    • borg upgrade: fix incorrect title levels
    • add CVE numbers for issues fixed in 1.0.9, #2106
  • fix typos (taken from Debian package patch)
  • remote: include data hexdump in “unexpected RPC data” error message
  • remote: log SSH command line at debug level
  • API_VERSION: use numberspaces, #2023
  • remove .github from pypi package, #2051
  • add pip and setuptools to requirements file, #2030
  • SyncFile: fix use of fd object after close (cosmetic)
  • simplify, exclude *.{so,dll,orig}, #2066
  • ignore posix_fadvise errors in, #2095 (works around issues with docker on ARM)
  • make LoggedIO.close_segment reentrant, avoid reentrance

Version 1.0.9 (2016-12-20)

Security fixes:

  • A flaw in the cryptographic authentication scheme in Borg allowed an attacker to spoof the manifest. See Pre-1.0.9 manifest spoofing vulnerability (CVE-2016-10099) above for the steps you should take.

    CVE-2016-10099 was assigned to this vulnerability.

  • borg check: When rebuilding the manifest (which should only be needed very rarely) duplicate archive names would be handled on a “first come first serve” basis, allowing an attacker to apparently replace archives.

    CVE-2016-10100 was assigned to this vulnerability.

Bug fixes:

  • borg check:
    • rebuild manifest if it’s corrupted
    • skip corrupted chunks during manifest rebuild
  • fix TypeError in integrity error handler, #1903, #1894
  • fix location parser for archives with @ char (regression introduced in 1.0.8), #1930
  • fix wrong duration/timestamps if system clock jumped during a create
  • fix progress display not updating if system clock jumps backwards
  • fix checkpoint interval being incorrect if system clock jumps

Other changes:

  • docs:
    • add python3-devel as a dependency for cygwin-based installation
    • clarify extract is relative to current directory
    • FAQ: fix link to changelog
    • markup fixes
  • tests:
    • test_get_(cache|keys)_dir: clean env state, #1897
    • get back pytest’s pretty assertion failures, #1938
  • build_usage:
    • fixed build_usage not processing all commands
    • fixed build_usage not generating includes for debug commands

Version 1.0.9rc1 (2016-11-27)

Bug fixes:

  • files cache: fix determination of newest mtime in backup set (which is used in cache cleanup and led to wrong “A” [added] status for unchanged files in next backup), #1860.
  • borg check:
    • fix incorrectly reporting attic 0.13 and earlier archives as corrupt
    • handle repo w/o objects gracefully and also bail out early if repo is completely empty, #1815.
  • fix tox/pybuild in 1.0-maint
  • at xattr module import time, loggers are not initialized yet

New features:

  • borg umount <mountpoint> exposed already existing umount code via the CLI api, so users can use it, which is more consistent than using borg to mount and fusermount -u (or umount) to un-mount, #1855.
  • implement borg create –noatime –noctime, fixes #1853

Other changes:

  • docs:
    • display README correctly on PyPI
    • improve cache / index docs, esp. files cache docs, fixes #1825
    • different pattern matching for –exclude, #1779
    • datetime formatting examples for {now} placeholder, #1822
    • clarify passphrase mode attic repo upgrade, #1854
    • clarify –umask usage, #1859
    • clarify how to choose PR target branch
    • clarify prune behavior for different archive contents, #1824
    • fix PDF issues, add logo, fix authors, headings, TOC
    • move security verification to support section
    • fix links in standalone README (:ref: tags)
    • add link to security contact in README
    • add FAQ about security
    • move fork differences to FAQ
    • add more details about resource usage
  • tests: skip remote tests on cygwin, #1268
  • travis:
    • allow OS X failures until the brew cask osxfuse issue is fixed
    • caskroom osxfuse-beta gone, it’s osxfuse now (3.5.3)
  • vagrant:
    • upgrade OSXfuse / FUSE for macOS to 3.5.3
    • remove llfuse from tox.ini at a central place
    • do not try to install llfuse on centos6
    • fix FUSE test for darwin, #1546
    • add windows virtual machine with cygwin
    • Vagrantfile cleanup / code deduplication

Version 1.1.0b2 (2016-10-01)

Bug fixes:

  • fix incorrect preservation of delete tags, leading to “object count mismatch” on borg check, #1598. This only occurred with 1.1.0b1 (not with 1.0.x) and is normally fixed by running another borg create/delete/prune.
  • fix broken –progress for double-cell paths (e.g. CJK), #1624
  • borg recreate: also catch SIGHUP
  • FUSE:
    • fix hardlinks in versions view, #1599
    • add parameter check to ItemCache.get to make potential failures more clear

New features:

  • Archiver, RemoteRepository: add –remote-ratelimit (send data)
  • borg help compression, #1582
  • borg check: delete chunks with integrity errors, #1575, so they can be “repaired” immediately and maybe healed later.
  • archives filters concept (refactoring/unifying older code)
    • covers –first/–last/–prefix/–sort-by options
    • currently used for borg list/info/delete

Other changes:

  • borg check –verify-data slightly tuned (use get_many())
  • change {utcnow} and {now} to ISO-8601 format (“T” date/time separator)
  • repo check: log transaction IDs, improve object count mismatch diagnostic
  • Vagrantfile: use TW’s fresh-bootloader pyinstaller branch
  • fix module names in api.rst
  • hashindex: bump api_version

Version 1.1.0b1 (2016-08-28)

New features:

  • new commands:
    • borg recreate: re-create existing archives, #787 #686 #630 #70, also see #757, #770.
      • selectively remove files/dirs from old archives
      • re-compress data
      • re-chunkify data, e.g. to have upgraded Attic / Borg 0.xx archives deduplicate with Borg 1.x archives or to experiment with chunker-params.
    • borg diff: show differences between archives
    • borg with-lock: execute a command with the repository locked, #990
  • borg create:
    • Flexible compression with pattern matching on path/filename, and LZ4 heuristic for deciding compressibility, #810, #1007
    • visit files in inode order (better speed, esp. for large directories and rotating disks)
    • in-file checkpoints, #1217
    • increased default checkpoint interval to 30 minutes (was 5 minutes), #896
    • added uuid archive format tag, #1151
    • save mountpoint directories with –one-file-system, makes system restore easier, #1033
    • Linux: added support for some BSD flags, #1050
    • add ‘x’ status for excluded paths, #814
      • also means files excluded via UF_NODUMP, #1080
  • borg check:
    • will not produce the “Checking segments” output unless new –progress option is passed, #824.
    • –verify-data to verify data cryptographically on the client, #975
  • borg list, #751, #1179
    • removed {formatkeys}, see “borg list –help”
    • –list-format is deprecated, use –format instead
    • –format now also applies to listing archives, not only archive contents, #1179
    • now supports the usual [PATH [PATHS…]] syntax and excludes
    • new keys: csize, num_chunks, unique_chunks, NUL
    • supports guaranteed_available hashlib hashes (to avoid varying functionality depending on environment), which includes the SHA1 and SHA2 family as well as MD5
  • borg prune:
    • to better visualize the “thinning out”, we now list all archives in reverse time order. rephrase and reorder help text.
    • implement –keep-last N via –keep-secondly N, also –keep-minutely. assuming that there is not more than 1 backup archive made in 1s, –keep-last N and –keep-secondly N are equivalent, #537
    • cleanup checkpoints except the latest, #1008
  • borg extract:
    • added –progress, #1449
    • Linux: limited support for BSD flags, #1050
  • borg info:
    • output is now more similar to borg create –stats, #977
  • borg mount:
    • provide “borgfs” wrapper for borg mount, enables usage via fstab, #743
    • “versions” mount option - when used with a repository mount, this gives a merged, versioned view of the files in all archives, #729
  • repository:
    • added progress information to commit/compaction phase (often takes some time when deleting/pruning), #1519
    • automatic recovery for some forms of repository inconsistency, #858
    • check free space before going forward with a commit, #1336
    • improved write performance (esp. for rotating media), #985
      • new IO code for Linux
      • raised default segment size to approx 512 MiB
    • improved compaction performance, #1041
    • reduced client CPU load and improved performance for remote repositories, #940
  • options that imply output (–show-rc, –show-version, –list, –stats, –progress) don’t need -v/–info to have that output displayed, #865
  • add archive comments (via borg (re)create –comment), #842
  • borg list/prune/delete: also output archive id, #731
  • –show-version: shows/logs the borg version, #725
  • added –debug-topic for granular debug logging, #1447
  • use atomic file writing/updating for configuration and key files, #1377
  • BORG_KEY_FILE environment variable, #1001
  • self-testing module, #970

Bug fixes:

  • list: fixed default output being produced if –format is given with empty parameter, #1489
  • create: fixed overflowing progress line with CJK and similar characters, #1051
  • prune: fixed crash if –prefix resulted in no matches, #1029
  • init: clean up partial repo if passphrase input is aborted, #850
  • info: quote cmdline arguments that have spaces in them
  • fix hardlinks failing in some cases for extracting subtrees, #761

Other changes:

  • replace stdlib hmac with OpenSSL, zero-copy decrypt (10-15% increase in performance of hash-lists and extract).
  • improved chunker performance, #1021
  • open repository segment files in exclusive mode (fail-safe), #1134
  • improved error logging, #1440
  • Source:
    • pass meta-data around, #765
    • move some constants to new constants module
    • better readability and fewer errors with namedtuples, #823
    • moved source tree into src/ subdirectory, #1016
    • made borg.platform a package, #1113
    • removed dead crypto code, #1032
    • improved and ported parts of the test suite to py.test, #912
    • created data classes instead of passing dictionaries around, #981, #1158, #1161
    • cleaned up imports, #1112
  • Docs:
    • better help texts and sphinx reproduction of usage help:
      • Group options
      • Nicer list of options in Sphinx
      • Deduplicate ‘Common options’ (including –help)
    • chunker: added some insights by “Voltara”, #903
    • clarify what “deduplicated size” means
    • fix / update / add package list entries
    • added a SaltStack usage example, #956
    • expanded FAQ
    • new contributors in AUTHORS!
  • Tests:
    • vagrant: add ubuntu/xenial 64bit - this box has still some issues
    • ChunkBuffer: add test for leaving partial chunk in buffer, fixes #945

Version 1.0.8 (2016-10-29)

Bug fixes:

  • RemoteRepository: Fix busy wait in call_many, #940

New features:

  • implement borgmajor/borgminor/borgpatch placeholders, #1694 {borgversion} was already there (full version string). With the new placeholders you can now also get e.g. 1 or 1.0 or 1.0.8.

Other changes:

  • avoid previous_location mismatch, #1741

    due to the changed canonicalization for relative paths in PR #1711 / #1655 (implement /./ relpath hack), there would be a changed repo location warning and the user would be asked if this is ok. this would break automation and require manual intervention, which is unwanted.

    thus, we automatically fix the previous_location config entry, if it only changed in the expected way, but still means the same location.

  • docs:

    • deployment.rst: do not use bare variables in ansible snippet
    • add clarification about append-only mode, #1689
    • add comment about requiring llfuse, #1726
    • update usage.rst / api.rst
    • repo url / archive location docs + typo fix
    • quickstart: add a comment about other (remote) filesystems
  • vagrant / tests:

    • no chown when rsyncing (fixes boxes w/o vagrant group)
    • fix FUSE permission issues on linux/freebsd, #1544
    • skip FUSE test for borg binary + fakeroot
    • ignore security.selinux xattrs, fixes tests on centos, #1735

Version 1.0.8rc1 (2016-10-17)

Bug fixes:

  • fix signal handling (SIGINT, SIGTERM, SIGHUP), #1620 #1593 Fixes e.g. leftover lock files for quickly repeated signals (e.g. Ctrl-C Ctrl-C) or lost connections or systemd sending SIGHUP.
  • progress display: adapt formatting to narrow screens, do not crash, #1628
  • borg create –read-special - fix crash on broken symlink, #1584. also correctly processes broken symlinks. before this regressed to a crash (5b45385) a broken symlink would’ve been skipped.
  • process_symlink: fix missing backup_io() Fixes a chmod/chown/chgrp/unlink/rename/… crash race between getting dirents and dispatching to process_symlink.
  • yes(): abort on wrong answers, saying so, #1622
  • fixed exception borg serve raised when connection was closed before reposiory was openend. add an error message for this.
  • fix read-from-closed-FD issue, #1551 (this seems not to get triggered in 1.0.x, but was discovered in master)
  • hashindex: fix iterators (always raise StopIteration when exhausted) (this seems not to get triggered in 1.0.x, but was discovered in master)
  • enable relative paths in ssh:// repo URLs, via /./relpath hack, #1655
  • allow repo paths with colons, #1705
  • update changed repo location immediately after acceptance, #1524
  • fix debug get-obj / delete-obj crash if object not found and remote repo, #1684
  • pyinstaller: use a spec file to build borg.exe binary, exclude osxfuse dylib on Mac OS X (avoids mismatch lib <-> driver), #1619

New features:

  • add “borg key export” / “borg key import” commands, #1555, so users are able to backup / restore their encryption keys more easily.

    Supported formats are the keyfile format used by borg internally and a special “paper” format with by line checksums for printed backups. For the paper format, the import is an interactive process which checks each line as soon as it is input.

  • add “borg debug-refcount-obj” to determine a repo objects’ referrer counts, #1352

Other changes:

  • add “borg debug …” subcommands (borg debug-* still works, but will be removed in borg 1.1)
  • Add subcommand support to build_usage.
  • remote: change exception message for unexpected RPC data format to indicate dataflow direction.
  • improved messages / error reporting:
    • IntegrityError: add placeholder for message, so that the message we give appears not only in the traceback, but also in the (short) error message, #1572
    • borg.key: include chunk id in exception msgs, #1571
    • better messages for cache newer than repo, #1700
  • vagrant (testing/build VMs):
    • upgrade OSXfuse / FUSE for macOS to 3.5.2
    • update Debian Wheezy boxes, #1686
    • openbsd / netbsd: use own boxes, fixes misc rsync installation and FUSE/llfuse related testing issues, #1695 #1696 #1670 #1671 #1728
  • docs:
    • add docs for “key export” and “key import” commands, #1641
    • fix inconsistency in FAQ (pv-wrapper).
    • fix second block in “Easy to use” section not showing on GitHub, #1576
    • add bestpractices badge
    • link reference docs and faq about BORG_FILES_CACHE_TTL, #1561
    • improve borg info –help, explain size infos, #1532
    • add release signing key / security contact to README, #1560
    • add contribution guidelines for developers
    • development.rst: add sphinx_rtd_theme to the sphinx install command
    • adjust border color in borg.css
    • add debug-info usage help file
    • internals.rst: fix typos
    • fix build_usage to always process all commands
    • added docs explaining multiple –restrict-to-path flags, #1602
    • add more specific warning about write-access debug commands, #1587
    • clarify FAQ regarding backup of virtual machines, #1672
  • tests:
    • work around FUSE xattr test issue with recent fakeroot
    • simplify repo/hashindex tests
    • travis: test FUSE-enabled borg, use trusty to have a recent FUSE
    • re-enable FUSE tests for RemoteArchiver (no deadlocks any more)
    • clean env for pytest based tests, #1714
    • fuse_mount contextmanager: accept any options

Version 1.0.7 (2016-08-19)

Security fixes:

  • borg serve: fix security issue with remote repository access, #1428 If you used e.g. –restrict-to-path /path/client1/ (with or without trailing slash does not make a difference), it acted like a path prefix match using /path/client1 (note the missing trailing slash) - the code then also allowed working in e.g. /path/client13 or /path/client1000.

    As this could accidentally lead to major security/privacy issues depending on the paths you use, the behaviour was changed to be a strict directory match. That means –restrict-to-path /path/client1 (with or without trailing slash does not make a difference) now uses /path/client1/ internally (note the trailing slash here!) for matching and allows precisely that path AND any path below it. So, /path/client1 is allowed, /path/client1/repo1 is allowed, but not /path/client13 or /path/client1000.

    If you willingly used the undocumented (dangerous) previous behaviour, you may need to rearrange your –restrict-to-path paths now. We are sorry if that causes work for you, but we did not want a potentially dangerous behaviour in the software (not even using a for-backwards-compat option).

Bug fixes:

  • fixed repeated LockTimeout exceptions when borg serve tried to write into a already write-locked repo (e.g. by a borg mount), #502 part b) This was solved by the fix for #1220 in 1.0.7rc1 already.
  • fix cosmetics + file leftover for “not a valid borg repository”, #1490
  • Cache: release lock if cache is invalid, #1501
  • borg extract –strip-components: fix leak of preloaded chunk contents
  • Repository, when a InvalidRepository exception happens:
    • fix spurious, empty lock.roster
    • fix repo not closed cleanly

New features:

  • implement borg debug-info, fixes #1122 (just calls already existing code via cli, same output as below tracebacks)

Other changes:

  • skip the O_NOATIME test on GNU Hurd, fixes #1315 (this is a very minor issue and the GNU Hurd project knows the bug)
  • document using a clean repo to test / build the release

Version 1.0.7rc2 (2016-08-13)

Bug fixes:

  • do not write objects to repository that are bigger than the allowed size, borg will reject reading them, #1451.

    Important: if you created archives with many millions of files or directories, please verify if you can open them successfully, e.g. try a “borg list REPO::ARCHIVE”.

  • lz4 compression: dynamically enlarge the (de)compression buffer, the static buffer was not big enough for archives with extremely many items, #1453

  • larger item metadata stream chunks, raise archive item limit by 8x, #1452

  • fix untracked segments made by moved DELETEs, #1442

    Impact: Previously (metadata) segments could become untracked when deleting data, these would never be cleaned up.

  • extended attributes (xattrs) related fixes:

    • fixed a race condition in xattrs querying that led to the entire file not being backed up (while logging the error, exit code = 1), #1469
    • fixed a race condition in xattrs querying that led to a crash, #1462
    • raise OSError including the error message derived from errno, deal with path being a integer FD

Other changes:

  • print active env var override by default, #1467
  • xattr module: refactor code, deduplicate, clean up
  • repository: split object size check into too small and too big
  • add a transaction_id assertion, so borg init on a broken (inconsistent) filesystem does not look like a coding error in borg, but points to the real problem.
  • explain confusing TypeError caused by compat support for old servers, #1456
  • add forgotten usage help file from build_usage
  • refactor/unify buffer code into helpers.Buffer class, add tests
  • docs:
    • document archive limitation, #1452
    • improve prune examples

Version 1.0.7rc1 (2016-08-05)

Bug fixes:

  • fix repo lock deadlocks (related to lock upgrade), #1220
  • catch unpacker exceptions, resync, #1351
  • fix borg break-lock ignoring BORG_REPO env var, #1324
  • files cache performance fixes (fixes unnecessary re-reading/chunking/ hashing of unmodified files for some use cases):
    • fix unintended file cache eviction, #1430
    • implement BORG_FILES_CACHE_TTL, update FAQ, raise default TTL from 10 to 20, #1338
  • FUSE:
    • cache partially read data chunks (performance), #965, #966
    • always create a root dir, #1125
  • use an OrderedDict for helptext, making the build reproducible, #1346
  • RemoteRepository init: always call close on exceptions, #1370 (cosmetic)
  • ignore stdout/stderr broken pipe errors (cosmetic), #1116

New features:

  • better borg versions management support (useful esp. for borg servers wanting to offer multiple borg versions and for clients wanting to choose a specific server borg version), #1392:
    • add BORG_VERSION environment variable before executing “borg serve” via ssh
    • add new placeholder {borgversion}
    • substitute placeholders in –remote-path
  • borg init –append-only option (makes using the more secure append-only mode more convenient. when used remotely, this requires 1.0.7+ also on the borg server), #1291.

Other changes:

  • Vagrantfile:
    • darwin64: upgrade to FUSE for macOS 3.4.1 (aka osxfuse), #1378
    • xenial64: use user “ubuntu”, not “vagrant” (as usual), #1331
  • tests:
    • fix FUSE tests on OS X, #1433
  • docs:
    • FAQ: add backup using stable filesystem names recommendation
    • FAQ about glibc compatibility added, #491, glibc-check improved
    • FAQ: ‘A’ unchanged file; remove ambiguous entry age sentence.
    • OS X: install pkg-config to build with FUSE support, fixes #1400
    • add notes about shell/sudo pitfalls with env. vars, #1380
    • added platform feature matrix
  • implement borg debug-dump-repo-objs

Version 1.0.6 (2016-07-12)

Bug fixes:

  • Linux: handle multiple LD_PRELOAD entries correctly, #1314, #1111
  • Fix crash with unclear message if the libc is not found, #1314, #1111

Other changes:

  • tests:
    • Fixed O_NOATIME tests for Solaris and GNU Hurd, #1315
    • Fixed sparse file tests for (file) systems not supporting it, #1310
  • docs:
    • Fixed syntax highlighting, #1313
    • misc docs: added data processing overview picture

Version 1.0.6rc1 (2016-07-10)

New features:

  • borg check –repair: heal damaged files if missing chunks re-appear (e.g. if the previously missing chunk was added again in a later backup archive), #148. (*) Also improved logging.

Bug fixes:

  • sync_dir: silence fsync() failing with EINVAL, #1287 Some network filesystems (like smbfs) don’t support this and we use this in repository code.
  • borg mount (FUSE):
    • fix directories being shadowed when contained paths were also specified, #1295
    • raise I/O Error (EIO) on damaged files (unless -o allow_damaged_files is used), #1302. (*)
  • borg extract: warn if a damaged file is extracted, #1299. (*)
  • Added some missing return code checks (ChunkIndex._add, hashindex_resize).
  • borg check: fix/optimize initial hash table size, avoids resize of the table.

Other changes:

  • tests:
    • add more FUSE tests, #1284
    • deduplicate FUSE (u)mount code
    • fix borg binary test issues, #862
  • docs:
    • changelog: added release dates to older borg releases
    • fix some sphinx (docs generator) warnings, #881


(*) Some features depend on information (chunks_healthy list) added to item metadata when a file with missing chunks was “repaired” using all-zero replacement chunks. The chunks_healthy list is generated since borg 1.0.4, thus borg can’t recognize such “repaired” (but content-damaged) files if the repair was done with an older borg version.

Version 1.0.5 (2016-07-07)

Bug fixes:

  • borg mount: fix FUSE crash in xattr code on Linux introduced in 1.0.4, #1282

Other changes:

  • backport some FAQ entries from master branch
  • add release helper scripts
  • Vagrantfile:
    • centos6: no FUSE, don’t build binary
    • add xz for redhat-like dists

Version 1.0.4 (2016-07-07)

New features:

  • borg serve –append-only, #1168 This was included because it was a simple change (append-only functionality was already present via repository config file) and makes better security now practically usable.
  • BORG_REMOTE_PATH environment variable, #1258 This was included because it was a simple change (–remote-path cli option was already present) and makes borg much easier to use if you need it.
  • Repository: cleanup incomplete transaction on “no space left” condition. In many cases, this can avoid a 100% full repo filesystem (which is very problematic as borg always needs free space - even to delete archives).

Bug fixes:

  • Fix wrong handling and reporting of OSErrors in borg create, #1138. This was a serious issue: in the context of “borg create”, errors like repository I/O errors (e.g. disk I/O errors, ssh repo connection errors) were handled badly and did not lead to a crash (which would be good for this case, because the repo transaction would be incomplete and trigger a transaction rollback to clean up). Now, error handling for source files is cleanly separated from every other error handling, so only problematic input files are logged and skipped.
  • Implement fail-safe error handling for borg extract. Note that this isn’t nearly as critical as the borg create error handling bug, since nothing is written to the repo. So this was “merely” misleading error reporting.
  • Add missing error handler in directory attr restore loop.
  • repo: make sure write data hits disk before the commit tag (#1236) and also sync the containing directory.
  • FUSE: getxattr fail must use errno.ENOATTR, #1126 (fixes Mac OS X Finder malfunction: “zero bytes” file length, access denied)
  • borg check –repair: do not lose information about the good/original chunks. If we do not lose the original chunk IDs list when “repairing” a file (replacing missing chunks with all-zero chunks), we have a chance to “heal” the file back into its original state later, in case the chunks re-appear (e.g. in a fresh backup). Healing is not implemented yet, see #148.
  • fixes for –read-special mode:
    • ignore known files cache, #1241
    • fake regular file mode, #1214
    • improve symlinks handling, #1215
  • remove passphrase from subprocess environment, #1105
  • Ignore empty index file (will trigger index rebuild), #1195
  • add missing placeholder support for –prefix, #1027
  • improve exception handling for placeholder replacement
  • catch and format exceptions in arg parsing
  • helpers: fix “undefined name ‘e’” in exception handler
  • better error handling for missing repo manifest, #1043
  • borg delete:
    • make it possible to delete a repo without manifest
    • borg delete –forced allows to delete corrupted archives, #1139
  • borg check:
    • make borg check work for empty repo
    • fix resync and msgpacked item qualifier, #1135
    • rebuild_manifest: fix crash if ‘name’ or ‘time’ key were missing.
    • better validation of item metadata dicts, #1130
    • better validation of archive metadata dicts
  • close the repo on exit - even if rollback did not work, #1197. This is rather cosmetic, it avoids repo closing in the destructor.
  • tests:
    • fix sparse file test, #1170
    • flake8: ignore new F405, #1185
    • catch “invalid argument” on cygwin, #257
    • fix sparseness assertion in test prep, #1264

Other changes:

  • make borg build/work on OpenSSL 1.0 and 1.1, #1187
  • docs / help:
    • fix / clarify prune help, #1143
    • fix “patterns” help formatting
    • add missing docs / help about placeholders
    • resources: rename atticmatic to borgmatic
    • document sshd settings, #545
    • more details about checkpoints, add split trick, #1171
    • support docs: add freenode web chat link, #1175
    • add prune visualization / example, #723
    • add note that Fnmatch is default, #1247
    • make clear that lzma levels > 6 are a waste of cpu cycles
    • add a “do not edit” note to auto-generated files, #1250
    • update cygwin installation docs
  • repository interoperability with borg master (1.1dev) branch:
    • borg check: read item metadata keys from manifest, #1147
    • read v2 hints files, #1235
    • fix hints file “unknown version” error handling bug
  • tests: add tests for format_line
  • llfuse: update version requirement for freebsd
  • Vagrantfile:
    • use openbsd 5.9, #716
    • do not install llfuse on netbsd (broken)
    • update OSXfuse to version 3.3.3
    • use Python 3.5.2 to build the binaries
  • glibc compatibility checker: scripts/
  • add .eggs to .gitignore

Version 1.0.3 (2016-05-20)

Bug fixes:

  • prune: avoid that checkpoints are kept and completed archives are deleted in a prune run), #997
  • prune: fix commandline argument validation - some valid command lines were considered invalid (annoying, but harmless), #942
  • fix capabilities extraction on Linux (set xattrs last, after chown()), #1069
  • repository: fix commit tags being seen in data
  • when probing key files, do binary reads. avoids crash when non-borg binary files are located in borg’s key files directory.
  • handle SIGTERM and make a clean exit - avoids orphan lock files.
  • repository cache: don’t cache large objects (avoid using lots of temp. disk space), #1063

Other changes:

  • Vagrantfile: OS X: update osxfuse / install lzma package, #933
  • add check for platform_darwin.c
  • on freebsd, use a llfuse release that builds ok
  • docs / help:
    • update readthedocs URLs, #991
    • add missing docs for “borg break-lock”, #992
    • borg create help: add some words to about the archive name
    • borg create help: document format tags, #894

Version 1.0.2 (2016-04-16)

Bug fixes:

  • fix malfunction and potential corruption on (nowadays rather rare) big-endian architectures or bi-endian archs in (rare) BE mode. #886, #889

    cache resync / index merge was malfunctioning due to this, potentially leading to data loss. borg info had cosmetic issues (displayed wrong values).

    note: all (widespread) little-endian archs (like x86/x64) or bi-endian archs in (widespread) LE mode (like ARMEL, MIPSEL, …) were NOT affected.

  • add overflow and range checks for 1st (special) uint32 of the hashindex values, switch from int32 to uint32.

  • fix so that refcount will never overflow, but just stick to max. value after a overflow would have occurred.

  • borg delete: fix –cache-only for broken caches, #874

    Makes –cache-only idempotent: it won’t fail if the cache is already deleted.

  • fixed borg create –one-file-system erroneously traversing into other filesystems (if starting fs device number was 0), #873

  • workround a bug in Linux fadvise FADV_DONTNEED, #907

Other changes:

  • better test coverage for hashindex, incl. overflow testing, checking correct computations so endianness issues would be discovered.
  • reproducible doc for ProgressIndicator*, make the build reproducible.
  • use latest llfuse for vagrant machines
  • docs:
    • use /path/to/repo in examples, fixes #901
    • fix confusing usage of “repo” as archive name (use “arch”)

Version 1.0.1 (2016-04-08)

New features:

Usually there are no new features in a bugfix release, but these were added due to their high impact on security/safety/speed or because they are fixes also:

  • append-only mode for repositories, #809, #36 (see docs)
  • borg create: add –ignore-inode option to make borg detect unmodified files even if your filesystem does not have stable inode numbers (like sshfs and possibly CIFS).
  • add options –warning, –error, –critical for missing log levels, #826. it’s not recommended to suppress warnings or errors, but the user may decide this on his own. note: –warning is not given to borg serve so a <= 1.0.0 borg will still work as server (it is not needed as it is the default). do not use –error or –critical when using a <= 1.0.0 borg server.

Bug fixes:

  • fix silently skipping EIO, #748
  • add context manager for Repository (avoid orphan repository locks), #285
  • do not sleep for >60s while waiting for lock, #773
  • unpack file stats before passing to FUSE
  • fix build on illumos
  • don’t try to backup doors or event ports (Solaris and derivates)
  • remove useless/misleading libc version display, #738
  • test suite: reset exit code of persistent archiver, #844
  • RemoteRepository: clean up pipe if remote open() fails
  • Remote: don’t print tracebacks for Error exceptions handled downstream, #792
  • if BORG_PASSPHRASE is present but wrong, don’t prompt for password, but fail instead, #791
  • ArchiveChecker: move “orphaned objects check skipped” to INFO log level, #826
  • fix capitalization, add ellipses, change log level to debug for 2 messages, #798

Other changes:

  • update llfuse requirement, llfuse 1.0 works
  • update OS / dist packages on build machines, #717
  • prefer showing –info over -v in usage help, #859
  • docs:
    • fix cygwin requirements (gcc-g++)
    • document how to debug / file filesystem issues, #664
    • fix reproducible build of api docs
    • RTD theme: CSS !important overwrite, #727
    • Document logo font. Recreate logo png. Remove GIMP logo file.

Version 1.0.0 (2016-03-05)

The major release number change (0.x -> 1.x) indicates bigger incompatible changes, please read the compatibility notes, adapt / test your scripts and check your backup logs.

Compatibility notes:

  • drop support for python 3.2 and 3.3, require 3.4 or 3.5, #221 #65 #490 note: we provide binaries that include python 3.5.1 and everything else needed. they are an option in case you are stuck with < 3.4 otherwise.

  • change encryption to be on by default (using “repokey” mode)

  • moved keyfile keys from ~/.borg/keys to ~/.config/borg/keys, you can either move them manually or run “borg upgrade <REPO>”

  • remove support for –encryption=passphrase, use borg migrate-to-repokey to switch to repokey mode, #97

  • remove deprecated –compression <number>, use –compression zlib,<number> instead in case of 0, you could also use –compression none

  • remove deprecated –hourly/daily/weekly/monthly/yearly use –keep-hourly/daily/weekly/monthly/yearly instead

  • remove deprecated –do-not-cross-mountpoints, use –one-file-system instead

  • disambiguate -p option, #563:

    • -p now is same as –progress
    • -P now is same as –prefix
  • remove deprecated “borg verify”, use “borg extract –dry-run” instead

  • cleanup environment variable semantics, #355 the environment variables used to be “yes sayers” when set, this was conceptually generalized to “automatic answerers” and they just give their value as answer (as if you typed in that value when being asked). See the “usage” / “Environment Variables” section of the docs for details.

  • change the builtin default for –chunker-params, create 2MiB chunks, #343 –chunker-params new default: 19,23,21,4095 - old default: 10,23,16,4095

    one of the biggest issues with borg < 1.0 (and also attic) was that it had a default target chunk size of 64kiB, thus it created a lot of chunks and thus also a huge chunk management overhead (high RAM and disk usage).

    please note that the new default won’t change the chunks that you already have in your repository. the new big chunks do not deduplicate with the old small chunks, so expect your repo to grow at least by the size of every changed file and in the worst case (e.g. if your files cache was lost / is not used) by the size of every file (minus any compression you might use).

    in case you want to immediately see a much lower resource usage (RAM / disk) for chunks management, it might be better to start with a new repo than continuing in the existing repo (with an existing repo, you’ld have to wait until all archives with small chunks got pruned to see a lower resource usage).

    if you used the old –chunker-params default value (or if you did not use –chunker-params option at all) and you’ld like to continue using small chunks (and you accept the huge resource usage that comes with that), just explicitly use borg create –chunker-params=10,23,16,4095.

  • archive timestamps: the ‘time’ timestamp now refers to archive creation start time (was: end time), the new ‘time_end’ timestamp refers to archive creation end time. This might affect prune if your backups take rather long. if you give a timestamp via cli this is stored into ‘time’, therefore it now needs to mean archive creation start time.

New features:

  • implement password roundtrip, #695

Bug fixes:

  • remote end does not need cache nor keys directories, do not create them, #701
  • added retry counter for passwords, #703

Other changes:

  • fix compiler warnings, #697
  • docs:
    • update README.rst to new changelog location in docs/changes.rst
    • add Teemu to AUTHORS
    • changes.rst: fix old chunker params, #698
    • FAQ: how to limit bandwidth

Version 1.0.0rc2 (2016-02-28)

New features:

  • format options for location: user, pid, fqdn, hostname, now, utcnow, user
  • borg list –list-format
  • borg prune -v –list enables the keep/prune list output, #658

Bug fixes:

  • fix _open_rb noatime handling, #657
  • add a simple archivename validator, #680
  • borg create –stats: show timestamps in localtime, use same labels/formatting as borg info, #651
  • llfuse compatibility fixes (now compatible with: 0.40, 0.41, 0.42)

Other changes:

  • it is now possible to use “pip install borgbackup[fuse]” to automatically install the llfuse dependency using the correct version requirement for it. you still need to care about having installed the FUSE / build related OS package first, though, so that building llfuse can succeed.
  • Vagrant: drop Ubuntu Precise (12.04) - does not have Python >= 3.4
  • Vagrant: use pyinstaller v3.1.1 to build binaries
  • docs:
    • borg upgrade: add to docs that only LOCAL repos are supported
    • borg upgrade also handles borg 0.xx -> 1.0
    • use pip extras or requirements file to install llfuse
    • fix order in release process
    • updated usage docs and other minor / cosmetic fixes
    • verified borg examples in docs, #644
    • freebsd dependency installation and FUSE configuration, #649
    • add example how to restore a raw device, #671
    • add a hint about the dev headers needed when installing from source
    • add examples for delete (and handle delete after list, before prune), #656
    • update example for borg create -v –stats (use iso datetime format), #663
    • added example to BORG_RSH docs
    • “connection closed by remote”: add FAQ entry and point to issue #636

Version 1.0.0rc1 (2016-02-07)

New features:

  • borg migrate-to-repokey (“passphrase” -> “repokey” encryption key mode)
  • implement –short for borg list REPO, #611
  • implement –list for borg extract (consistency with borg create)
  • borg serve: overwrite client’s –restrict-to-path with ssh forced command’s option value (but keep everything else from the client commandline), #544
  • use $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/keys for keyfile keys (~/.config/borg/keys), #515
  • “borg upgrade” moves the keyfile keys to the new location
  • display both archive creation start and end time in “borg info”, #627

Bug fixes:

  • normalize trailing slashes for the repository path, #606
  • Cache: fix exception handling in __init__, release lock, #610

Other changes:

  • suppress unneeded exception context (PEP 409), simpler tracebacks
  • removed special code needed to deal with imperfections / incompatibilities / missing stuff in py 3.2/3.3, simplify code that can be done simpler in 3.4
  • removed some version requirements that were kept on old versions because newer did not support py 3.2 any more
  • use some py 3.4+ stdlib code instead of own/openssl/pypi code:
    • use os.urandom instead of own cython openssl RAND_bytes wrapper, #493
    • use hashlib.pbkdf2_hmac from py stdlib instead of own openssl wrapper
    • use hmac.compare_digest instead of == operator (constant time comparison)
    • use stat.filemode instead of homegrown code
    • use “mock” library from stdlib, #145
    • remove (with non-broken argparse copy), it is ok in 3.4+, #358
  • Vagrant: copy CHANGES.rst as symlink, #592
  • cosmetic code cleanups, add flake8 to tox/travis, #4
  • docs / help:
    • make “borg -h” output prettier, #591
    • slightly rephrase prune help
    • add missing example for –list option of borg create
    • quote exclude line that includes an asterisk to prevent shell expansion
    • fix dead link to license
    • delete Ubuntu Vivid, it is not supported anymore (EOL)
    • OS X binary does not work for older OS X releases, #629
    • borg serve’s special support for forced/original ssh commands, #544
    • misc. updates and fixes

Version 0.30.0 (2016-01-23)

Compatibility notes:

  • you may need to use -v (or –info) more often to actually see output emitted at INFO log level (because it is suppressed at the default WARNING log level). See the “general” section in the usage docs.
  • for borg create, you need –list (additionally to -v) to see the long file list (was needed so you can have e.g. –stats alone without the long list)

Bug fixes:

  • fix crash when using borg create –dry-run –keep-tag-files, #570
  • make sure teardown with cleanup happens for Cache and RepositoryCache, avoiding leftover locks and TEMP dir contents, #285 (partially), #548
  • fix locking KeyError, partial fix for #502
  • log stats consistently, #526
  • add abbreviated weekday to timestamp format, fixes #496
  • strip whitespace when loading exclusions from file
  • unset LD_LIBRARY_PATH before invoking ssh, fixes strange OpenSSL library version warning when using the borg binary, #514
  • add some error handling/fallback for C library loading, #494
  • added BORG_DELETE_I_KNOW_WHAT_I_AM_DOING for check in “borg delete”, #503
  • remove unused “repair” rpc method name

New features:

  • borg create: implement exclusions using regular expression patterns.
  • borg create: implement inclusions using patterns.
  • borg extract: support patterns, #361
  • support different styles for patterns:
    • fnmatch (fm: prefix, default when omitted), like borg <= 0.29.
    • shell (sh: prefix) with * not matching directory separators and **/ matching 0..n directories
    • path prefix (pp: prefix, for unifying borg create pp1 pp2 into the patterns system), semantics like in borg <= 0.29
    • regular expression (re:), new!
  • –progress option for borg upgrade (#291) and borg delete <archive>
  • update progress indication more often (e.g. for borg create within big files or for borg check repo), #500
  • finer chunker granularity for items metadata stream, #547, #487
  • borg create –list now used (additionally to -v) to enable the verbose file list output
  • display borg version below tracebacks, #532

Other changes:

  • hashtable size (and thus: RAM and disk consumption) follows a growth policy: grows fast while small, grows slower when getting bigger, #527
  • Vagrantfile: use pyinstaller 3.1 to build binaries, freebsd sqlite3 fix, fixes #569
  • no separate binaries for centos6 any more because the generic linux binaries also work on centos6 (or in general: on systems with a slightly older glibc than debian7
  • dev environment: require virtualenv<14.0 so we get a py32 compatible pip
  • docs:
    • add space-saving chunks.archive.d trick to FAQ
    • important: clarify -v and log levels in usage -> general, please read!
    • sphinx configuration: create a simple man page from usage docs
    • add a repo server setup example
    • disable unneeded SSH features in authorized_keys examples for security.
    • borg prune only knows “–keep-within” and not “–within”
    • add gource video to resources docs, #507
    • add netbsd install instructions
    • authors: make it more clear what refers to borg and what to attic
    • document standalone binary requirements, #499
    • rephrase the mailing list section
    • development docs: run build_api and build_usage before tagging release
    • internals docs: hash table max. load factor is 0.75 now
    • markup, typo, grammar, phrasing, clarifications and other fixes.
    • add gcc gcc-c++ to redhat/fedora/corora install docs, fixes #583

Version 0.29.0 (2015-12-13)

Compatibility notes:

  • when upgrading to 0.29.0 you need to upgrade client as well as server installations due to the locking and commandline interface changes otherwise you’ll get an error msg about a RPC protocol mismatch or a wrong commandline option. if you run a server that needs to support both old and new clients, it is suggested that you have a “borg-0.28.2” and a “borg-0.29.0” command. clients then can choose via e.g. “borg –remote-path=borg-0.29.0 …”.
  • the default waiting time for a lock changed from infinity to 1 second for a better interactive user experience. if the repo you want to access is currently locked, borg will now terminate after 1s with an error message. if you have scripts that shall wait for the lock for a longer time, use –lock-wait N (with N being the maximum wait time in seconds).

Bug fixes:

  • hash table tuning (better chosen hashtable load factor 0.75 and prime initial size of 1031 gave ~1000x speedup in some scenarios)
  • avoid creation of an orphan lock for one case, #285
  • –keep-tag-files: fix file mode and multiple tag files in one directory, #432
  • fixes for “borg upgrade” (attic repo converter), #466
  • remove –progress isatty magic (and also –no-progress option) again, #476
  • borg init: display proper repo URL
  • fix format of umask in help pages, #463

New features:

  • implement –lock-wait, support timeout for UpgradableLock, #210
  • implement borg break-lock command, #157
  • include system info below traceback, #324
  • sane remote logging, remote stderr, #461:
    • remote log output: intercept it and log it via local logging system, with “Remote: ” prefixed to message. log remote tracebacks.
    • remote stderr: output it to local stderr with “Remote: ” prefixed.
  • add –debug and –info (same as –verbose) to set the log level of the builtin logging configuration (which otherwise defaults to warning), #426 note: there are few messages emitted at DEBUG level currently.
  • optionally configure logging via env var BORG_LOGGING_CONF
  • add –filter option for status characters: e.g. to show only the added or modified files (and also errors), use “borg create -v –filter=AME …”.
  • more progress indicators, #394
  • use ISO-8601 date and time format, #375
  • “borg check –prefix” to restrict archive checking to that name prefix, #206

Other changes:

  • hashindex_add C implementation (speed up cache re-sync for new archives)
  • increase FUSE read_size to 1024 (speed up metadata operations)
  • check/delete/prune –save-space: free unused segments quickly, #239
  • increase rpc protocol version to 2 (see also Compatibility notes), #458
  • silence borg by default (via default log level WARNING)
  • get rid of C compiler warnings, #391
  • upgrade OS X FUSE to 3.0.9 on the OS X binary build system
  • use python 3.5.1 to build binaries
  • docs:
    • new mailing list, #468
    • readthedocs: color and logo improvements
    • load coverage icons over SSL (avoids mixed content)
    • more precise binary installation steps
    • update release procedure docs about OS X FUSE
    • FAQ entry about unexpected ‘A’ status for unchanged file(s), #403
    • add docs about ‘E’ file status
    • add “borg upgrade” docs, #464
    • add developer docs about output and logging
    • clarify encryption, add note about client-side encryption
    • add resources section, with videos, talks, presentations, #149
    • Borg moved to Arch Linux [community]
    • fix wrong installation instructions for archlinux

Version 0.28.2 (2015-11-15)

New features:

  • borg create –exclude-if-present TAGFILE - exclude directories that have the given file from the backup. You can additionally give –keep-tag-files to preserve just the directory roots and the tag-files (but not backup other directory contents), #395, attic #128, attic #142

Other changes:

  • do not create docs sources at build time (just have them in the repo), completely remove have_cython() hack, do not use the “mock” library at build time, #384
  • avoid hidden import, make it easier for PyInstaller, easier fix for #218
  • docs:
    • add description of item flags / status output, fixes #402
    • explain how to regenerate usage and API files (build_api or build_usage) and when to commit usage files directly into git, #384
    • minor install docs improvements

Version 0.28.1 (2015-11-08)

Bug fixes:

  • do not try to build api / usage docs for production install, fixes unexpected “mock” build dependency, #384

Other changes:

  • avoid using msgpack.packb at import time
  • fix formatting issue in changes.rst
  • fix build on readthedocs

Version 0.28.0 (2015-11-08)

Compatibility notes:

  • changed return codes (exit codes), see docs. in short: old: 0 = ok, 1 = error. now: 0 = ok, 1 = warning, 2 = error

New features:

  • refactor return codes (exit codes), fixes #61
  • add –show-rc option enable “terminating with X status, rc N” output, fixes 58, #351
  • borg create backups atime and ctime additionally to mtime, fixes #317 - extract: support atime additionally to mtime - FUSE: support ctime and atime additionally to mtime
  • support borg –version
  • emit a warning if we have a slow msgpack installed
  • borg list –prefix=thishostname- REPO, fixes #205
  • Debug commands (do not use except if you know what you do: debug-get-obj, debug-put-obj, debug-delete-obj, debug-dump-archive-items.

Bug fixes:

  • fix bug related to BORG_LZ4_PREFIX processing
  • fix “check” for repos that have incomplete chunks, fixes #364
  • borg mount: fix unlocking of repository at umount time, fixes #331
  • fix reading files without touching their atime, #334
  • non-ascii ACL fixes for Linux, FreeBSD and OS X, #277
  • fix acl_use_local_uid_gid() and add a test for it, attic #359
  • borg upgrade: do not upgrade repositories in place by default, #299
  • fix cascading failure with the index conversion code, #269
  • borg check: implement ‘cmdline’ archive metadata value decoding, #311
  • fix RobustUnpacker, it missed some metadata keys (new atime and ctime keys were missing, but also bsdflags). add check for unknown metadata keys.
  • create from stdin: also save atime, ctime (cosmetic)
  • use default_notty=False for confirmations, fixes #345
  • vagrant: fix msgpack installation on centos, fixes #342
  • deal with unicode errors for symlinks in same way as for regular files and have a helpful warning message about how to fix wrong locale setup, fixes #382
  • add ACL keys the RobustUnpacker must know about

Other changes:

  • improve file size displays, more flexible size formatters
  • explicitly commit to the units standard, #289
  • archiver: add E status (means that an error occurred when processing this (single) item
  • do binary releases via “github releases”, closes #214
  • create: use -x and –one-file-system (was: –do-not-cross-mountpoints), #296
  • a lot of changes related to using “logging” module and screen output, #233
  • show progress display if on a tty, output more progress information, #303
  • factor out status output so it is consistent, fix surrogates removal, maybe fixes #309
  • move away from RawConfigParser to ConfigParser
  • archive checker: better error logging, give chunk_id and sequence numbers (can be used together with borg debug-dump-archive-items).
  • do not mention the deprecated passphrase mode
  • emit a deprecation warning for –compression N (giving a just a number)
  • misc .coverragerc fixes (and coverage measurement improvements), fixes #319
  • refactor confirmation code, reduce code duplication, add tests
  • prettier error messages, fixes #307, #57
  • tests:
    • add a test to find disk-full issues, #327
    • travis: also run tests on Python 3.5
    • travis: use tox -r so it rebuilds the tox environments
    • test the generated pyinstaller-based binary by archiver unit tests, #215
    • vagrant: tests: announce whether fakeroot is used or not
    • vagrant: add vagrant user to fuse group for debianoid systems also
    • vagrant: llfuse install on darwin needs pkgconfig installed
    • vagrant: use pyinstaller from develop branch, fixes #336
    • benchmarks: test create, extract, list, delete, info, check, help, fixes #146
    • benchmarks: test with both the binary and the python code
    • archiver tests: test with both the binary and the python code, fixes #215
    • make basic test more robust
  • docs:
    • moved docs to, #155
    • a lot of fixes and improvements, use mobile-friendly RTD standard theme
    • use zlib,6 compression in some examples, fixes #275
    • add missing rename usage to docs, closes #279
    • include the help offered by borg help <topic> in the usage docs, fixes #293
    • include a list of major changes compared to attic into README, fixes #224
    • add OS X install instructions, #197
    • more details about the release process, #260
    • fix linux glibc requirement (binaries built on debian7 now)
    • build: move usage and API generation to
    • update docs about return codes, #61
    • remove api docs (too much breakage on rtd)
    • borgbackup install + basics presentation (asciinema)
    • describe the current style guide in documentation
    • add section about debug commands
    • warn about not running out of space
    • add example for rename
    • improve chunker params docs, fixes #362
    • minor development docs update

Version 0.27.0 (2015-10-07)

New features:

  • “borg upgrade” command - attic -> borg one time converter / migration, #21
  • temporary hack to avoid using lots of disk space for chunks.archive.d, #235: To use it: rm -rf chunks.archive.d ; touch chunks.archive.d
  • respect XDG_CACHE_HOME, attic #181
  • add support for arbitrary SSH commands, attic #99
  • borg delete –cache-only REPO (only delete cache, not REPO), attic #123

Bug fixes:

  • use Debian 7 (wheezy) to build pyinstaller borgbackup binaries, fixes slow down observed when running the Centos6-built binary on Ubuntu, #222
  • do not crash on empty lock.roster, fixes #232
  • fix multiple issues with the cache config version check, #234
  • fix segment entry header size check, attic #352 plus other error handling improvements / code deduplication there.
  • always give segment and offset in repo IntegrityErrors

Other changes:

  • stop producing binary wheels, remove docs about it, #147
  • docs: - add warning about prune - generate usage include files only as needed - development docs: add Vagrant section - update / improve / reformat FAQ - hint to single-file pyinstaller binaries from README

Version 0.26.1 (2015-09-28)

This is a minor update, just docs and new pyinstaller binaries.

  • docs update about python and binary requirements
  • better docs for –read-special, fix #220
  • re-built the binaries, fix #218 and #213 (glibc version issue)
  • update web site about single-file pyinstaller binaries

Note: if you did a python-based installation, there is no need to upgrade.

Version 0.26.0 (2015-09-19)

New features:

  • Faster cache sync (do all in one pass, remove tar/compression stuff), #163
  • BORG_REPO env var to specify the default repo, #168
  • read special files as if they were regular files, #79
  • implement borg create –dry-run, attic issue #267
  • Normalize paths before pattern matching on OS X, #143
  • support OpenBSD and NetBSD (except xattrs/ACLs)
  • support / run tests on Python 3.5

Bug fixes:

  • borg mount repo: use absolute path, attic #200, attic #137
  • chunker: use off_t to get 64bit on 32bit platform, #178
  • initialize chunker fd to -1, so it’s not equal to STDIN_FILENO (0)
  • fix reaction to “no” answer at delete repo prompt, #182
  • detect lz4.h header file location
  • to support python < 3.2.4, add less buggy argparse lib from 3.2.6 (#194)
  • fix for obtaining char * from temporary Python value (old code causes a compile error on Mint 17.2)
  • llfuse 0.41 install troubles on some platforms, require < 0.41 (UnicodeDecodeError exception due to non-ascii llfuse
  • cython code: add some int types to get rid of unspecific python add / subtract operations (avoid undefined symbol FPE_… error on some platforms)
  • fix verbose mode display of stdin backup
  • extract: warn if a include pattern never matched, fixes #209, implement counters for Include/ExcludePatterns
  • archive names with slashes are invalid, attic issue #180
  • chunker: add a check whether the POSIX_FADV_DONTNEED constant is defined - fixes building on OpenBSD.

Other changes:

  • detect inconsistency / corruption / hash collision, #170
  • replace versioneer with setuptools_scm, #106
  • docs:
    • pkg-config is needed for llfuse installation
    • be more clear about pruning, attic issue #132
  • unit tests:
    • xattr: ignore security.selinux attribute showing up
    • ext3 seems to need a bit more space for a sparse file
    • do not test lzma level 9 compression (avoid MemoryError)
    • work around strange mtime granularity issue on netbsd, fixes #204
    • ignore st_rdev if file is not a block/char device, fixes #203
    • stay away from the setgid and sticky mode bits
  • use Vagrant to do easy cross-platform testing (#196), currently:
    • Debian 7 “wheezy” 32bit, Debian 8 “jessie” 64bit
    • Ubuntu 12.04 32bit, Ubuntu 14.04 64bit
    • Centos 7 64bit
    • FreeBSD 10.2 64bit
    • OpenBSD 5.7 64bit
    • NetBSD 6.1.5 64bit
    • Darwin (OS X Yosemite)

Version 0.25.0 (2015-08-29)

Compatibility notes:

  • lz4 compression library (liblz4) is a new requirement (#156)
  • the new compression code is very compatible: as long as you stay with zlib compression, older borg releases will still be able to read data from a repo/archive made with the new code (note: this is not the case for the default “none” compression, use “zlib,0” if you want a “no compression” mode that can be read by older borg). Also the new code is able to read repos and archives made with older borg versions (for all zlib levels 0..9).


  • –compression N (with N being a number, as in 0.24) is deprecated. We keep the –compression 0..9 for now to not break scripts, but it is deprecated and will be removed later, so better fix your scripts now: –compression 0 (as in 0.24) is the same as –compression zlib,0 (now). BUT: if you do not want compression, you rather want –compression none (which is the default). –compression 1 (in 0.24) is the same as –compression zlib,1 (now) –compression 9 (in 0.24) is the same as –compression zlib,9 (now)

New features:

  • create –compression none (default, means: do not compress, just pass through data “as is”. this is more efficient than zlib level 0 as used in borg 0.24)
  • create –compression lz4 (super-fast, but not very high compression)
  • create –compression zlib,N (slower, higher compression, default for N is 6)
  • create –compression lzma,N (slowest, highest compression, default N is 6)
  • honor the nodump flag (UF_NODUMP) and do not backup such items
  • list –short just outputs a simple list of the files/directories in an archive

Bug fixes:

  • fixed –chunker-params parameter order confusion / malfunction, fixes #154
  • close fds of segments we delete (during compaction)
  • close files which fell out the lrucache
  • fadvise DONTNEED now is only called for the byte range actually read, not for the whole file, fixes #158.
  • fix issue with negative “all archives” size, fixes #165
  • restore_xattrs: ignore if setxattr fails with EACCES, fixes #162

Other changes:

  • remove fakeroot requirement for tests, tests run faster without fakeroot (test setup does not fail any more without fakeroot, so you can run with or without fakeroot), fixes #151 and #91.
  • more tests for archiver
  • recover_segment(): don’t assume we have an fd for segment
  • lrucache refactoring / cleanup, add dispose function, py.test tests
  • generalize hashindex code for any key length (less hardcoding)
  • lock roster: catch file not found in remove() method and ignore it
  • travis CI: use requirements file
  • improved docs:
    • replace hack for llfuse with proper solution (install libfuse-dev)
    • update docs about compression
    • update development docs about fakeroot
    • internals: add some words about lock files / locking system
    • support: mention BountySource and for what it can be used
    • theme: use a lighter green
    • add pypi, wheel, dist package based install docs
    • split install docs into system-specific preparations and generic instructions

Version 0.24.0 (2015-08-09)

Incompatible changes (compared to 0.23):

  • borg now always issues –umask NNN option when invoking another borg via ssh on the repository server. By that, it’s making sure it uses the same umask for remote repos as for local ones. Because of this, you must upgrade both server and client(s) to 0.24.
  • the default umask is 077 now (if you do not specify via –umask) which might be a different one as you used previously. The default umask avoids that you accidentally give access permissions for group and/or others to files created by borg (e.g. the repository).


  • “–encryption passphrase” mode is deprecated, see #85 and #97. See the new “–encryption repokey” mode for a replacement.

New features:

  • borg create –chunker-params … to configure the chunker, fixes #16 (attic #302, attic #300, and somehow also #41). This can be used to reduce memory usage caused by chunk management overhead, so borg does not create a huge chunks index/repo index and eats all your RAM if you back up lots of data in huge files (like VM disk images). See docs/misc/create_chunker-params.txt for more information.
  • borg info now reports chunk counts in the chunk index.
  • borg create –compression 0..9 to select zlib compression level, fixes #66 (attic #295).
  • borg init –encryption repokey (to store the encryption key into the repo), fixes #85
  • improve at-end error logging, always log exceptions and set exit_code=1
  • LoggedIO: better error checks / exceptions / exception handling
  • implement –remote-path to allow non-default-path borg locations, #125
  • implement –umask M and use 077 as default umask for better security, #117
  • borg check: give a named single archive to it, fixes #139
  • cache sync: show progress indication
  • cache sync: reimplement the chunk index merging in C

Bug fixes:

  • fix segfault that happened for unreadable files (chunker: n needs to be a signed size_t), #116
  • fix the repair mode, #144
  • repo delete: add destroy to allowed rpc methods, fixes issue #114
  • more compatible repository locking code (based on mkdir), maybe fixes #92 (attic #317, attic #201).
  • better Exception msg if no Borg is installed on the remote repo server, #56
  • create a RepositoryCache implementation that can cope with >2GiB, fixes attic #326.
  • fix Traceback when running check –repair, attic #232
  • clarify help text, fixes #73.
  • add help string for –no-files-cache, fixes #140

Other changes:

  • improved docs:
    • added docs/misc directory for misc. writeups that won’t be included “as is” into the html docs.
    • document environment variables and return codes (attic #324, attic #52)
    • web site: add related projects, fix web site url, IRC #borgbackup
    • Fedora/Fedora-based install instructions added to docs
    • Cygwin-based install instructions added to docs
    • updated AUTHORS
    • add FAQ entries about redundancy / integrity
    • clarify that borg extract uses the cwd as extraction target
    • update internals doc about chunker params, memory usage and compression
    • added docs about development
    • add some words about resource usage in general
    • document how to backup a raw disk
    • add note about how to run borg from virtual env
    • add solutions for (ll)fuse installation problems
    • document what borg check does, fixes #138
    • reorganize sidebar, prev/next at top
    • deduplicate and refactor the docs / README.rst
  • use borg-tmp as prefix for temporary files / directories
  • short prune options without “keep-” are deprecated, do not suggest them
  • improved tox configuration
  • remove usage of unittest.mock, always use mock from pypi
  • use entrypoints instead of scripts, for better use of the wheel format and modern installs
  • add requirements.d/development.txt and modify tox.ini
  • use travis-ci for testing based on Linux and (new) OS X
  • use, pytest-cov and for test coverage support

I forgot to list some stuff already implemented in 0.23.0, here they are:

New features:

  • efficient archive list from manifest, meaning a big speedup for slow repo connections and “list <repo>”, “delete <repo>”, “prune” (attic #242, attic #167)
  • big speedup for chunks cache sync (esp. for slow repo connections), fixes #18
  • hashindex: improve error messages

Other changes:

  • explicitly specify binary mode to open binary files
  • some easy micro optimizations

Version 0.23.0 (2015-06-11)

Incompatible changes (compared to attic, fork related):

  • changed sw name and cli command to “borg”, updated docs
  • package name (and name in urls) uses “borgbackup” to have fewer collisions
  • changed repo / cache internal magic strings from ATTIC* to BORG*, changed cache location to .cache/borg/ - this means that it currently won’t accept attic repos (see issue #21 about improving that)

Bug fixes:

  • avoid defect python-msgpack releases, fixes attic #171, fixes attic #185
  • fix traceback when trying to do unsupported passphrase change, fixes attic #189
  • datetime does not like the year 10.000, fixes attic #139
  • fix “info” all archives stats, fixes attic #183
  • fix parsing with missing microseconds, fixes attic #282
  • fix misleading hint the fuse ImportError handler gave, fixes attic #237
  • check unpacked data from RPC for tuple type and correct length, fixes attic #127
  • fix Repository._active_txn state when lock upgrade fails
  • give specific path to xattr.is_enabled(), disable symlink setattr call that always fails
  • fix test setup for 32bit platforms, partial fix for attic #196
  • upgraded versioneer, PEP440 compliance, fixes attic #257

New features:

  • less memory usage: add global option –no-cache-files
  • check –last N (only check the last N archives)
  • check: sort archives in reverse time order
  • rename repo::oldname newname (rename repository)
  • create -v output more informative
  • create –progress (backup progress indicator)
  • create –timestamp (utc string or reference file/dir)
  • create: if “-” is given as path, read binary from stdin
  • extract: if –stdout is given, write all extracted binary data to stdout
  • extract –sparse (simple sparse file support)
  • extra debug information for ‘fread failed’
  • delete <repo> (deletes whole repo + local cache)
  • FUSE: reflect deduplication in allocated blocks
  • only allow whitelisted RPC calls in server mode
  • normalize source/exclude paths before matching
  • use posix_fadvise to not spoil the OS cache, fixes attic #252
  • toplevel error handler: show tracebacks for better error analysis
  • sigusr1 / sigint handler to print current file infos - attic PR #286
  • RPCError: include the exception args we get from remote

Other changes:

  • source: misc. cleanups, pep8, style
  • docs and faq improvements, fixes, updates
  • cleanup crypto.pyx, make it easier to adapt to other AES modes
  • do os.fsync like recommended in the python docs
  • source: Let chunker optionally work with os-level file descriptor.
  • source: Linux: remove duplicate os.fsencode calls
  • source: refactor _open_rb code a bit, so it is more consistent / regular
  • source: refactor indicator (status) and item processing
  • source: use py.test for better testing, flake8 for code style checks
  • source: fix tox >=2.0 compatibility (test runner)
  • pypi package: add python version classifiers, add FreeBSD to platforms

Attic Changelog

Here you can see the full list of changes between each Attic release until Borg forked from Attic:

Version 0.17

(bugfix release, released on X)

  • Fix hashindex ARM memory alignment issue (#309)
  • Improve hashindex error messages (#298)

Version 0.16

(bugfix release, released on May 16, 2015)

  • Fix typo preventing the security confirmation prompt from working (#303)
  • Improve handling of systems with improperly configured file system encoding (#289)
  • Fix “All archives” output for attic info. (#183)
  • More user friendly error message when repository key file is not found (#236)
  • Fix parsing of iso 8601 timestamps with zero microseconds (#282)

Version 0.15

(bugfix release, released on Apr 15, 2015)

  • xattr: Be less strict about unknown/unsupported platforms (#239)
  • Reduce repository listing memory usage (#163).
  • Fix BrokenPipeError for remote repositories (#233)
  • Fix incorrect behavior with two character directory names (#265, #268)
  • Require approval before accessing relocated/moved repository (#271)
  • Require approval before accessing previously unknown unencrypted repositories (#271)
  • Fix issue with hash index files larger than 2GB.
  • Fix Python 3.2 compatibility issue with noatime open() (#164)
  • Include missing pyx files in dist files (#168)

Version 0.14

(feature release, released on Dec 17, 2014)

  • Added support for stripping leading path segments (#95) “attic extract –strip-segments X”
  • Add workaround for old Linux systems without acl_extended_file_no_follow (#96)
  • Add MacPorts’ path to the default openssl search path (#101)
  • HashIndex improvements, eliminates unnecessary IO on low memory systems.
  • Fix “Number of files” output for attic info. (#124)
  • limit create file permissions so files aren’t read while restoring
  • Fix issue with empty xattr values (#106)

Version 0.13

(feature release, released on Jun 29, 2014)

  • Fix sporadic “Resource temporarily unavailable” when using remote repositories
  • Reduce file cache memory usage (#90)
  • Faster AES encryption (utilizing AES-NI when available)
  • Experimental Linux, OS X and FreeBSD ACL support (#66)
  • Added support for backup and restore of BSDFlags (OSX, FreeBSD) (#56)
  • Fix bug where xattrs on symlinks were not correctly restored
  • Added cachedir support. CACHEDIR.TAG compatible cache directories can now be excluded using --exclude-caches (#74)
  • Fix crash on extreme mtime timestamps (year 2400+) (#81)
  • Fix Python 3.2 specific lockf issue (EDEADLK)

Version 0.12

(feature release, released on April 7, 2014)

  • Python 3.4 support (#62)
  • Various documentation improvements a new style
  • attic mount now supports mounting an entire repository not only individual archives (#59)
  • Added option to restrict remote repository access to specific path(s): attic serve --restrict-to-path X (#51)
  • Include “all archives” size information in “–stats” output. (#54)
  • Added --stats option to attic delete and attic prune
  • Fixed bug where attic prune used UTC instead of the local time zone when determining which archives to keep.
  • Switch to SI units (Power of 1000 instead 1024) when printing file sizes

Version 0.11

(feature release, released on March 7, 2014)

  • New “check” command for repository consistency checking (#24)
  • Documentation improvements
  • Fix exception during “attic create” with repeated files (#39)
  • New “–exclude-from” option for attic create/extract/verify.
  • Improved archive metadata deduplication.
  • “attic verify” has been deprecated. Use “attic extract –dry-run” instead.
  • “attic prune –hourly|daily|…” has been deprecated. Use “attic prune –keep-hourly|daily|…” instead.
  • Ignore xattr errors during “extract” if not supported by the filesystem. (#46)

Version 0.10

(bugfix release, released on Jan 30, 2014)

  • Fix deadlock when extracting 0 sized files from remote repositories
  • “–exclude” wildcard patterns are now properly applied to the full path not just the file name part (#5).
  • Make source code endianness agnostic (#1)

Version 0.9

(feature release, released on Jan 23, 2014)

  • Remote repository speed and reliability improvements.
  • Fix sorting of segment names to ignore NFS left over files. (#17)
  • Fix incorrect display of time (#13)
  • Improved error handling / reporting. (#12)
  • Use fcntl() instead of flock() when locking repository/cache. (#15)
  • Let ssh figure out port/user if not specified so we don’t override .ssh/config (#9)
  • Improved libcrypto path detection (#23).

Version 0.8.1

(bugfix release, released on Oct 4, 2013)

  • Fix segmentation fault issue.

Version 0.8

(feature release, released on Oct 3, 2013)

  • Fix xattr issue when backing up sshfs filesystems (#4)
  • Fix issue with excessive index file size (#6)
  • Support access of read only repositories.
  • New syntax to enable repository encryption:
    attic init –encryption=”none|passphrase|keyfile”.
  • Detect and abort if repository is older than the cache.

Version 0.7

(feature release, released on Aug 5, 2013)

  • Ported to FreeBSD
  • Improved documentation
  • Experimental: Archives mountable as FUSE filesystems.
  • The “user.” prefix is no longer stripped from xattrs on Linux

Version 0.6.1

(bugfix release, released on July 19, 2013)

  • Fixed an issue where mtime was not always correctly restored.

Version 0.6

First public release on July 9, 2013