borg extract

borg [common options] extract [options] NAME [PATH...]

positional arguments


specify the archive name


paths to extract; patterns are supported



output verbose list of items (files, dirs, …)

-n, --dry-run

do not actually change any files


only obey numeric user and group identifiers


do not extract/set flags (e.g. NODUMP, IMMUTABLE)


do not extract/set ACLs


do not extract/set xattrs


write all extracted data to stdout


create holes in output sparse file from all-zero chunks


continue a previously interrupted extraction of same archive

Common options

Include/Exclude options

-e PATTERN, --exclude PATTERN

exclude paths matching PATTERN

--exclude-from EXCLUDEFILE

read exclude patterns from EXCLUDEFILE, one per line

--pattern PATTERN

include/exclude paths matching PATTERN

--patterns-from PATTERNFILE

read include/exclude patterns from PATTERNFILE, one per line

--strip-components NUMBER

Remove the specified number of leading path elements. Paths with fewer elements will be silently skipped.


This command extracts the contents of an archive. By default the entire archive is extracted but a subset of files and directories can be selected by passing a list of PATHs as arguments. The file selection can further be restricted by using the --exclude option.

For more help on include/exclude patterns, see the borg help patterns command output.

By using --dry-run, you can do all extraction steps except actually writing the output data: reading metadata and data chunks from the repo, checking the hash/hmac, decrypting, decompressing.

--progress can be slower than no progress display, since it makes one additional pass over the archive metadata.


Currently, extract always writes into the current working directory (“.”), so make sure you cd to the right place before calling borg extract.

When parent directories are not extracted (because of using file/directory selection or any other reason), borg can not restore parent directories’ metadata, e.g. owner, group, permission, etc.


# Extract entire archive
$ borg extract my-files

# Extract entire archive and list files while processing
$ borg extract --list my-files

# Verify whether an archive could be successfully extracted, but do not write files to disk
$ borg extract --dry-run my-files

# Extract the "src" directory
$ borg extract my-files home/USERNAME/src

# Extract the "src" directory but exclude object files
$ borg extract my-files home/USERNAME/src --exclude '*.o'

# Restore a raw device (must not be active/in use/mounted at that time)
$ borg extract --stdout my-sdx | dd of=/dev/sdx bs=10M